Thanks also for your enlightening comment, Ryan. I have been teaching in Vietnam for approximately four years. For example the word BÀ (grandmother) is a different word from BA (father) just as much as BÀ is different from BÒ (cow). know if my company can find a fillable a form example to type on ? Pronunciation is always a problem for Asian students, but in my experience, having taught in a number of Asian countries, the Thais and Vietnamese seem to have the most problems with pronunciation. For example, the word “crystal” – maybe in Vietnamese the “s” sound never gets combined with preceding letters, while that happens regularly in English? (CFM), National Indochinese Clearinghouse, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209 (free). Karaoke is a big part of Asian culture, and Vietnam does not … The sounds of Vietnamese and English are just so different!. It takes a long time for most people to do this, and very few will do it 100%. /ɪ/ "sit" /e/ "set" When you begin to learn Vietnamese language, you see the Vietnamese alphabet, Quốc-ngữ, and think, “Oh this is easy. For whatever reason, it just seems that across Asia, listening skills, even in the mother tongue, are horrendous. Fantastic discussion . Chinese, Korean, or Khmer students have some consistent pronunciation problems, but they can make themselves understood. So, once again, if that sound is used as a terminal sound in English, they don’t hear it. I don’t think tones in vietnamese is more significant than the words themsleves; they just form part of the words. Listening is the first step. I am interested in the linguistic sources of these patterns. Along with the lack of listening in the programs, there is a cultural problem with listening. Vietnamese is a tonal language: each of its 6 tones changes the meaning of a word. Take your lessons with you, plug in some ear buds and practice on the train, in between meetings, or anywhere you use your iPhone or iPad. In the days when people still fought with Kung Fu or used it for self-defense, the logic in the training was that the teacher would think of every possible attack situation the student would face. The Vietnamese equivalent of the verb to be is là, but là is not used in the same way as to be. I know how challenging English pronunciation can be for Vietnamese speakers. my work colleague edited a sample IRS W-3 form at this site http://goo.gl/tjBwhd you can find a fillable a form example to type on. The best way to use this poem to practice/test your pronunciation is to:1. I think we can say that the lack of tones in English becomes a factor in listening comprehension and sound reproduction. Vietnamese is a beautiful, musical language…that has very little in common with English. So I may be off here, but in Chinese, Chinese native speakers are not taught to recognize words by phonemes. Learners can listen to the American speakers and repeat after them. The sound systems of Vietnamese and English have very little in common and therefore the Vietnamese learner of English will have great difficulty with pronunciation. Results of native speakers’ evaluation of Vietnamese-accented final consonants are also concluded to clarify how comprehensible informants’ pronunciation is. Also, there are over 400 million English native speakers from countless countries, on ALL of the continents. But it’s not enough. Antonio Graceffo, PhD, China-MBA is the author of seven books about China and Southeast Asia. Just for fun, I’ll list out what I learned by reading it (feel free to correct if I am wrong). Look at the definitions of any of the bolded words below that you don’t know.3. The ALG pedagogy seems modeled after the natural language acquisition of human beings. Or, the sound may even exist in the mother tongue, but never as a terminal sound. Please pardon my many typos; i was posting this from a phone. Let me take it one step further along if I may…, As with all non-native English speakers, I notice that Vietnamese speakers talking in English share some mannerisms. Language courses made by the people. In Khmer, I think there are only 8 possible sounds that can come at the end of a word. We teach you the correct pronunciation, thus reducing your accent. This is because they are non-existent in Vietnamese. We Need to Know, Chinese Investment in the US Is Slumping, but Don’t Blame Trump, US-China Trade Relations in the wake of the US Section 301 IP Investigation, China’s Economy at the 19th Party Congress, China-Trump Trade Policy Leading into the Final Quarter of 2017. Adult Education Series No. The reason, of course, is that although the characters used in Quốc-ngữ are derived from the Roman or Latin alphabet, Quốc-ngữ is not the Roman or Latin alphabet. Thai speakers of English often confuse the lateral alveolar approximant /l/ with the alveolar approximant /r/. This guide points out the specific problem areas and gives pronunciation exercises to deal with each problem. Read on! The meaning of an expression is deducted from the tone of each word and the word itself. Listen closely to my recording of the poem while you read along. “NO, we have the DVD already. Students are conditioned to react to very specific stimuli. Those four things actually explain a lot about why native Vietnamese speakers talk the way they do in English. For over 12 years I’ve helped thousands of Vietnamese professionals and students achieve clear, confident, more fluent English. They are taught to recognize words by tones. Do you agree? But in Asia, the goals in a group activity are consensus and harmony, not standing out or being exceptional, as say an American would try to do. As a result, Vietnamese learner… Language Courses for Vietnamese Speakers I speak Vietnamese. I haven’t studied Vietnamese as deeply as I have Chinese. I learned a lot from the points – Does someone Compelling Conversations: Speaking Exercises for Vietnamese Learners of English is based on our original and highly successful English as a Second Language (ESL) textbook, Compelling Conversations. English Speak Like a Native (ESLAN) presents 15 Common Pronunciation Problems for Chinese Learners. * Plurals are optional (does that mean they are rarely used?). There are a few grammatical issues which can cause problems for Vietnamese learners. Hello ANDREW SCAGLIONE ! In Vietnamese, the number is a bit higher, but still much lower than English. OK, that makes sense. Today, I’m here to show Magoosh’s Chinese learners some of the best resources on the web for pronunciation of English consonants. But, there are 3 primary English pronunciation errors that native Vietnamese speakers should … No one wants to stand out or innovate, even if it means giving the answer to a question. * The words “the” and “is” are not used No matter what level your students are, what theme you want to use in your lesson, or what kinds of pronunciation exercises you want to organize, we’ve got worksheets to fit the bill. The sound systems of Vietnamese and English have very little in common and therefore the Vietnamese learner of English will have great difficulty with pronunciation. ... Site language: English. In my last post for Chinese students, I looked at some of the consonant sounds in English that are difficult for native Mandarin speakers. (You can watch some of my ALG Videos here). You brought up some good points. Now, getting to the specific issues of pronunciation for Vietnamese students; Vietnamese is a Mon Khmer language. The tone is more important for conveying meaning than the phoneme. They will identify any problems, and help you correct them. With Vietnamese, because of my personal approach to study, I see that 80% of Vietnamese vocabulary is composed of single syllable compound words, derived from Chinese. The pronunciation of the letters is quite different. By Antonio Graceffo | Oct 21, 2010 | Asia Pacific, Culture | 14 |, An ESL teacher in Saigon wrote me: “As you may have worked out already, the pronunciation of Vietnamese ESL learners is not great. Join millions of ESL students worldwide who are improving their English every day with engVid. Then I stopped and remembered the exact verbiage. Do your best to notice any errors you made in pronunciation.4. : In America, a students would normally receive a very low grade if he dutifully repeated the teacher’s words, rather than thinking of an answer himself or herself. It is helpful to be aware that Vietnamese speakers can produce some of these fricatives at the beginning of English words and to be aware of the similarity between these initial and final sounds. In the commercial ESL marketplace, across Asia, parents are told that their children will be speaking English from their first day. English Pronunciation Exercises for Speakers of Vietnamese. The pronunciation of combinations of letters differs from the pronunciation of the same letters pronounced separately. “I need the DVD player,” I said, and then everything was fine. You’ll be amazed how much better Vietnamese students sound. Vietnamese speakers come across various difficulties in learning English pronunciation. I think you are spot on regarding the ending of words; vietnamese do have big problems with that. Common pronunciation problems of vietnamese learners of english There are only two major Mon Khmer languages (Major meaning used as a national language). It takes the end sounds (which they drop) and puts them at the beginning of the next words, which isn’t only easier for them, but also what native speakers do naturally! There are other differences, too much to mention, but making my students aware of our phonetics and teaching them to physically change how they use their lips, tongue, throat and such, with mirrors has made a big difference in their pronunciation. At least two of which are unique to Vietnam, but the others seem to be consistent across Asia. Zoo Jew Jew. Whatever your approach, BusyTeacher.org has 230 pronunciation worksheets to back you up. Listening to, and speaking with native speaking teachers is the best way to reduce your accent. She left, and returned with a DVD. Don’t know about Vietnamese, but you’re probably on to something. It won’t be as severe as in Chinese because Mon Khmer languages have multi-syllabic words. : 27 common pronunciation problems. This accent occurs because some of the sounds and rhythms of English are different to Vietnamese and these are challenging for you make. In addition, Antonio received his China-MBA, from Shanghai Jiaotong University, and is currently completing a second PhD at School of Economics Shanghai University, specializing in China –US Trade, China’s Belt and Road Initiative, and Trump-China economics. A note on the effect of tones in the vietnamese language. Indochinese Refugee Education Guides. Culturally, there are a number of factors which adversely effect the Asian learner: Face – students don’t want to make any mistakes because they could lose face. I’d very much appreciate if you or Antonio (the article’s author) would share your thoughts on this. This needs to be reversed, fifty minutes of listening and ten minutes of production would be a better ratio. The vietnamese language, due to its relience on tones to distinguish certain words, do not use (or use very little) tonal expression. It is particularly bad in Southeast Asia where, during a listening exercise, a student would think nothing of having a conversation with his neighbor or making a call on a cell phone. If we take Kung Fu as an example of the ultimate expression of Confusion learning: all of the Kung Fu movements which will ever exist, already exist. But when a westerner learns Vietnamese, he has to unlearn his suppositions about the Vietnamese writing system. Learn English for free with 1644 video lessons by experienced native-speaker teachers. This guide points out the specific problem areas and gives pronunciation exercises to deal with each problem. Excellent English Pronunciation Exercises For Speakers Of Your First Language. How about the middle of words? If you haven’t heard the sounds, you can’t reproduce them. Get started. The more the students listen, the better their pronunciation will be. Do you have Vietnamese English language learners in your classroom? Tone, however, severely affect theit intonation. Listening is of foremost importance to young children, and their desire and need to communicate is their motivation. Read the poem out loud again. English Pronunciation in Use has some good lessons for this. Listening: I am a proponent of ALG Automatic language Growth, a listening-only method of language acquisition. The Confucian education system, which is prevalent in Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, is based on rote learning. Login. To make matter worst, in vietnamese, cettain ending sounds are associated with certain tones; for example words end with t, c, p must either have either of the 2 high tones (dấu sắc, dấu nặng); dấu sắc estentially mean raising your tone. He will read an article like this and say words to the effect of, “Interesting article. As very few words are longer than 7 letters it is often necessary to form a word using two words, but they are two distinct words. These English speaking exercises are a great place to start and encourage learners to keep on learning English. We have put together a series of … This is significant because if the student’s mother tongue does not contain a certain sound, they can’t hear it in another language. When it comes to language learning, the Vietnamese are faced with several problems. Or the other thing that will happen is they will over-pronounce the final consonant, making it an extra syllable, like “good-duh” or “bad-duh”. Accent Reduction - Communication can become a problem if the accent is not correct. Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA. In language learning, this method is also applied, but doesn’t work. National Indochinese Clearinghouse, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209 (free) MP-$0.83 FIC-$3.50 Plus Postage. This in turn gives encouragement to learners of English as a second language to carry on improving and learning. Antonio holds a PhD from Shanghai University of Sport, where he wrote his dissertation, in Chinese. But I am not sure to what degree this is a problem for Vietnamese students. For word endings, apparently that is due to the fact that no Vietnamese words end in the English “s” sound. Nice analysis! His China economic reports are published at The Foreign Policy Journal and The Shanghai Institute of American Studies, a China government think tank. From my experience, a glaring problem facing Vietnamese speakers of English is that of pronouncing words with the "s" sound (for instance, "professorship"). Vietnamese has three major dialects: Northern, Central and Southern. helps explain some of the differences, but not the one I asked about above. Twenty-eight pronunciation lessons are included, preceded by two prototype lessons. As a result, listening skills are relatively strong, students are aware of their own pronunciation problems, and they are often highly communicative even at pre-intermediate level. I’m sure the reverse is true as well, so it’s not fair to criticize going in either direction… Personally, I find that there’s often a certain charm to these mannerisms :). Correction of common English pronunciation mistakes made by learners with Chinese as their first language. Then the student was taught one prescribed reaction to each situation he would face. pronoun, “ho” [with dot under the ‘o’] = they The Main Sounds of English. They don’t raise their tones at the end of a question, like many other english speakers. Being a Vietnamese myself with a strong, albeit amateur interest in linguistics i find your article very interesting to read. They won’t all speak the same way. We need the machine,” I said. Obviously, language is a living breathing thing which will not follow rules established in a classroom. As a result, it sounds like whatever they are saying sound flat of expressions. Once again, if they don’t listen, they can’t learn the target language and won’t be able to reproduce it. 4,24 Tr learners. In English we use to be to link the subject and a predicative adjective – for example He ishungry. Consider, for example, the case of a Saigonese trying to mimic the northern accent (or a Hanoian attempting to speak with a southern accent), often to disastrous effect. These English speaking exercises help to boast our vocabulary and give us confidence. * There are no possessives e.g. The best student is the one who most accurately copies his teacher and reproduces what the teacher does. Actually, I’d say that Vietnamese is a mono syllable language. Language courses for Vietnamese speakers. Thanks, AG. So, the best fighter was the one who memorized the largest number of attacks and counters, because he had the highest probability of winning, no matter what attack came. Let’s get the Asian-consistent problems out of the way first. The General English programme for adult learners at the British Council (called MyClass) focuses heavily on developing listening, pronunciation and speaking skills. What I can’t wrap my head around is that while it is relatively easy for us to learn Vietnamese it is bordering on impossible for any Vietnamese to learn to pronounce a word that ends with an ‘s’. Indochinese Refugee Education Guides. Production counts for the bulk of class time. The focus of the entire program is on speaking, rather than listening. FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND-COMMON ERROR-PRACTICE MATERIALS; Move front of tongue a little higher. Sing Your Heart Out, Vietnamese Style! I would have to believe that to some degree this is the case in Vietnamese. The Vietnamese language stretches out most of their vowel sounds and their “b” is more like a voiced consonant with wind. Generally, when I write a piece about a language, I send it to my teacher, David Long, the world’s leading expert on ALG. The same is true for Taiwanese when they speak English. As a result, when vietnamese people speak english, they tend to pronounced words ending with t, c, p and many other sounds that they deem similar, like x, sh, in a high pitch. Students are rewarded for copying their teacher. Adult Education Series No. It looks like the Roman alphabet.” But then when you read aloud, no Vietnamese person can understand you. They tend to drop final consonants, and I’m pretty sure it’s because syllables in Mandarin typically end with a vowel sound or a soft consonant like “n”, but never a “t” or a “d”, etc. Chinese, Korean, or Khmer students have some consistent pronunciation problems, but they can make themselves understood. I always tell them that “like children, we first learn to listen before we can talk, we can utter sounds easily but producing meaningful utterances is the first step to speaking.”, – Tone isn’t more important, but it is equally important, since tone (not sound) is a differentiator at the level of the letter(s) being used, and therefore the word itself (and its meaning). Native Vietnamese speakers face 4 main English pronunciation challenges when speaking English: 1. Vietnamese is tonal, whereas Khmer is not. 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