The gray wolf is one of the four species of this group. Wolves are the ancestors of domestic dogs and are the largest of the canine family. Wolves have been persecuted over the centuries, and have been declared endangered in many parts of North America and Europe. In North America, on the other hand, gray wolves tend to howl more loudly, with much more emphasis on the first syllable of a howl. When it comes to gray wolf facts, it is fair to say that these creatures are formidable hunters. There are some interesting gray wolf facts relating to the world of the supernatural. Gray wolf saliva can help tissue growth and combating infection. Nowadays, for example, it is estimated that there are around 60,000 gray wolves in Canada, and 9,000 in the USA. European wolves, for example, make longer and more melodious sounds than their American cousins. They do attack domestic animals, and countless wolves have been shot, trapped, and poisoned because of this tendency. It is the alpha pair’s job to organize the hunting of prey, choose den sites and establish the territory of the pack. When they are successful, wolves do not eat in moderation. Wolf pups are usually born between March and May A wolf pup’s eyes are blue at birth. On an average, the females are 20% smaller than the males. The gray wolf (grey wolf in British English) is the largest member of the dog family Canidae, and one of the most widespread. Usually this male and female are the only animals of the pack to breed. ‘Canis Lupis‘ is Latin for Gray Wolf, which is the most common. Because of this, it has consequently developed a more diverse range of expressive behaviors. More than thirty subspecies of Canis lupus have been recognized, and gray wolves, as colloquially … One of the most astonishing gray wolf facts involves just how loud and effective their famous howls can be. Read also: 50 Interesting Giraffe Facts That Will Tower Over You. Though they almost never attack humans, wolves are considered one of the animal world's most fearsome natural villains. The … There are three species and close to 40 subspecies of wolf, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), so they come in many different sizes. The gray wolf is much more sociable than its cousins the coyote and golden jackal. It is believed that the common gray wolf and the dog species diverged in Europe around 14,900 years ago. In the lower 48 states, gray wolves were hunted to near extinction, though some populations survived and others have since been reintroduced. Wolves are typically the apex predators in their range, challenged only by tigers and humans. One of the most famous of these is the origin myth of the Roman Empire. The gray wolf is a central part of various folklores and, in European and North American culture in particular, it is often viewed as a rather gothic creature, in league with supernatural beings such as witches and vampires. But wolves … Gray wolves are incredible and legendary mammals on the earth. Instead, they harmonize, giving the impression that there are more wolves than are actually present. Grey Wolves were once in abundance and distributed over North America, Eurasia and the Middle East. (18 to 79 kilograms). Gray wolves weigh as much as 88 pounds but the heaviest wolf ever recorded at 170 pounds. Gray wolves keep deer and elk populations under control, for example, and this in turn can have a ripple effect on many other plants and animals. Once on the endangered species list, wolves are gaining in number in the Rockies, Great Lakes and the Southwestern United states. Nowadays in North America, the range of gray wolves includes Canada, Alaska, The Great Lakes, northern Rockies and the Pacific Northwest. There is also a scattering of smaller gray wolf populations across Europe. Wolf cubs, or pups, are born blind and deaf, and are totally reliant on their mothers at first. In the springtime, the under fur and guard hairs are shed, helping the wolf keep cool for the summer. They have 42 teeth altogether. Within each pack there are generally an alpha male and female, a mated pair who form the nucleus of the group. When it comes to gray wolf facts, the clue isn’t always in the name! Submissive wolves, on the other hand, have both passive and active gestures. There are also their pups, and older offspring, creating a kind of wolfish family. After long hours of torture, including time on the rack, Stumpp admitted that he was a werewolf, claiming that the devil had given him a belt which enabled him to transform into his wolfish form. Wolves play a key role in keeping ecosystems healthy. Gray Wolf. Since about 1930, the skull of many Arctic wolves has become smaller. Wolves call North America and Eurasia home. Hear photographer Ronan Donovan describe the challenge of documenting one of Yellowstone's most elusive and iconic species. These include visual signals relating to posture. Females weight 60 to 80 pounds. This allowed the boys to survive until they were rescued by a shepherd and his wife. In the winter, the fur of a gray wolf is dense and fluffy, with shorter under fur and coarse guard hairs. But wolves and humans have a long adversarial history. Here are 30 amazing gray wolf facts for wildlife enthusiastic and kids. A dominant male and female pair, who usually matefor life, leads each pack. The ‘Canis Simensis‘ (Ethiopian Wolf) lives in Africa. The twins went on to found the city of Rome. The gray wolf is a large canid, and is a relation of the domestic dog. However, despite their reputation as master hunters, wolves also feed on the carcasses of animals which have died of other causes. Keep reading to find out more facts about wolves. They are smaller than other wolves. These intelligent animals live and hunt in packs. Not much is known about their lifestyle. Even though the gray wolf has a simple stomach, it is large enough to store as much as 20 lbs of food. When a single male cannot find a mate, however, he will tend to mate with the daughters of established breeding pairs in other packs. However, they are often mistaken for other types of wolves out there. Explore the wildlife of wolves now. With their piercing looks and spine-tingling howls, wolves inspire both adoration and controversy around the world. Gray wolves live in large groups called packs. Generally, there are 4-7 pups in a litter, with the average being 5-6 pups. They also consume small species like rabbits or beavers. When these magnificent animals do hunt, however, they provide us with many fascinating gray wolf facts about how they bring down their prey. It also gives the howl of the wolf pack that distinct sound that sounds so gothic and spooky to human ears! When the encounter takes place, prey will often flee, and the wolves will then pursue it, bringing it down as a group. Wolves are the largest members of the dog family. If a wolf’s mate dies, it finds a new partner quickly. 25 Awesome Facts About Grey Wolves. These social animals cooperate on their preferred prey—large animals such as deer, elk, and moose. The river carried them to safety, however, and a she-wolf found them on the river bank, where she proceeded to suckle them. They are known to roam large distances, perhaps 12 miles in a single day. Gray wolf facts indicate than young pups are fed on chewed up meat which their parents regurgitate for them when they arrive back in the den after hunting. Most wolves stand at 26 to 32 inches at the shoulder. Wolfpacks are established according to a strict hierarchy, with a dominant male at the top and his mate not far behind. Here are a few fun and interesting facts about wolves to share with your friends: The scientific name for a gray wolf is Canis lupus. Gray wolves are one of the most wide ranging land animals. Wolves also eat smaller mammals, birds, fish, lizards, snakes, and fruit. This is the type of wolf that most people are familiar with. The usual diet of this animal primarily consists of ungulates such as elk, moose, deer and caribou. GREY WOLF FACTS . Gray wolves can be found in wild areas of Eurasia, North America and parts of Africa. Wolves live and hunt in packs of around six to ten animals. Quick facts. It is found in North America and northern Asia. Common wolves are a keystone species – they balance out ecosystems due to their wide feeding range. Females average 4.5 to 6 feet. The most basic of gray wolf facts relates to its biological family. Gray Wolf Facts: Weight 13. Wolves communicate with more than howls. Adult gray wolves are 4 to 6.56 feet (120 to 200 centimeters) long and weigh about 40 to 175 lbs. The Grey Wolf (Canis Lupus), also known as the ‘Timber Wolf’ is the largest of the wild dog family. By scavenging in this way, they are able to feed while also conserving their energy. Their canine teeth can be 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) long. All of this helps them to corner the prey, so that they don’t waste precious energy on a chase that doesn’t lead to dinner! But why are we so perpetually afraid of wolves? In fact, a pack of gray wolves howl in peculiar manner such that it creates an illusion that the pack is much larger than it actually is. Grey wolves are the ancestors of our domestic dogs. A lone wolf howls to attract the attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to another. Some howls are confrontational. Prime examples include caribou, moose, elk and deer. A single animal can consume 20 pounds of meat at a sitting. Wolf Facts. Gray Wolf Facts The Gray Wolf Is the Ancestor of the Domestic Dog. This helps the animal go without food for extended periods of time, which may at times extend to a period of two weeks. Generally the male gray wolves are heavier than female gray wolves. In 2011, for example, they were stripped of their endangered status in Idaho and Montano and parts of Washington, Oregon and Utah. The most basic of gray wolf facts relates to its biological family. Gray Wolf Facts for Kids Adult wolves reach a length of 105–160 cm and they stand 80 – 85 cm at the shoulder height. Diet. Read also: 30 Strange Flamingo Facts That You Never Knew About. Despite their name, these wolves can be gray in color, black or all white and look a lot like a German Shepherd or malamute. Wolves are frequently mentioned in human folklore. The gray wolf, also known as the timber wolf or western wolf, is a canid which can be found in parts of Europe, Asia, North America and Africa. In both Russia and North America, wolves have been observed running their prey into ravines, slopes, steep banks, and precipices, along with bodies of water covered in crusted or thin ice. Although gray wolves are still considered endangered in many parts of North America, there have been some recent changes to these gray wolf facts as populations begin to flourish again. At one time, they were widely distributed all across Europe and North America, but their populations were drastically reduced over the centuries as they were hunted and exterminated in high numbers, and their habitats were reduced. Wolves howl for all sorts of reasons − to pass on alarms, to find each other in unfamiliar territory or during adverse weather conditions, or to assemble the pack before a hunt. The Japanese word for wolf means “great god.” During this time, she will make a safe den in which to give birth. When wolves are very young, they are completely dependent upon their parents, including for their food. Gray Wolf Facts & Trivia. Gray wolves share their ancestry with domestic dogs, coyotes, and wild dogs such as dingoes. These consist of: 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 pre-molars and 10 carnassials and molars. Required fields are marked Find out how many wolf species exist, the characteristics that make each wolf's howl unique, and how the wolf population in the continental United States nearly became extinct. Whatever helps with the team spirit! Wolves use their incredible sense of smell to locate prey, although they need to catch the scent on the breeze from upwind in order to do so. In addition, these wolves will scavenge on occasion. Not All Gray Wolves Are Gray. The most common type of wolf is the gray wolf, or timber wolf. All rights reserved. When a female gray wolf becomes pregnant, her gestation period is around 62-75 days. 1. Under certain conditions, wolves can hear each other over 50 square miles of land. Wolves are the largest members of the dog family. It is believed that the Red Wolf (also known in Latin as ‘Canis Rufus‘) is to be a cross-breed of Gray Wolf and coyote. When it comes to gray wolf facts, there seems to be no end to the inventiveness of these creatures while hunting. There are generally more male wolves than females, so an unpaired female is a rare thing. In around 1% of cases, exceptionally large litters are reported, for example litters of 14-17 cubs. Gray wolves have 29 – 50 cm long tail. They are the third most widespread animal on Earth after humans and livestock. When it comes to gray wolf facts, the clue isn’t always in the name! This magnificent creature has been a central part of our mythologies for thousands of years. All of a pack's adults help to care for young pups by bringing them food and watching them while others hunt. The higher the prey density in an area, the more pups there tend to be in each litter. This resurgence is occurring because we have generally stopped viewing wolves as a pest or danger, and have recognized their value and beauty! This is because the actual appearance of them can be drastically different based upon the location they are in.Some of the Common Wolves out there only weigh about 80 pounds. March 02, 2020. These are known as Casanova wolves, since they don’t form a monogamous pair bond with the females they mate with! Their preferred diet is ungulates − or large-hoofed mammals to you and me. Much like barking domestic dogs, wolves may simply begin howling because a nearby wolf has already begun. Experiments have been carried out to see how these transatlantic cousins communicate, and it has been proven that the two can understand each other. These include standing as a group in a circle, nose-to-nose, and wagging their tails. When they pick up a scent, a gray wolf will stand alert and point its eyes, ears and nose in the direction of the target. It is estimated they were first domesticated by humans in East Asia around 15,000 years ago. An aggressive wolf, for example, will make slow and deliberate movements, have a high body posture, and raise its hackles. Appetizing! Generally, gray wolves favor a habitat which involves large stretches of forest and often mountainous terrain. Arctic wolves are very fluffy. Gray Wolf - Pictures, Facts, and Map Wolves work together to hunt, raise their young, and protect their territory. The leftover carcasses of a gray wolf’s prey can also provide important nutrition for other scavengers. Photo by: Jan nijendijk, CC. But, generally, wolves avoid people, and such attacks are extremely rare. They live in the Canadian part of the Arctic circle, as well as Greenland and Iceland. Although there are nowhere near as many gray wolves in the world as there used to be, there are some encouraging gray wolf facts which suggest that populations are increasing again. How long this takes depends on the size of prey − if chasing down a large creature, wolves will aim to prolong the chase in order to wear it down. While wolves are known for howling to communicate with each other, it might not be in front of a giant full moon, like the cartoons tell us!. The Grey Wolf is known as the Timber Wolf in North America and the White Wolf in the Arctic, or more generally as the... Wolves are legendary because of their spine-tingling howl, which they use to communicate. 30 Adorable Siamese Cat Facts That Will Steal Your Heart, 40 Neuschwanstein Castle Facts About The RealLife Disney Castle, 100 Interesting Facts That Will Boggle Your Mind, 300 Random Facts No One Knows What To Do With, 100 Nutrition Facts To An Easier And Healthier Lifestyle, 100 Amazing Facts That Will Blow Your Mind, 300 WTF Facts That Will Make You Question Everything, 300 Weird Facts That Will Confuse And Amaze You At The Same Time, 100 Did You Know Facts Most People Have Never Heard About, Lifespan: 7-8 years in the wild, up to 12 in protected areas, Biology: The Gray Wolf Is the Ancestor of the Domestic Dog, Status: Gray Wolves Are Generally Considered to Be Endangered, Population: There Are over 9000 Gray Wolves in the USA, Behavior: Gray Wolves Are Both Hunters and Scavengers, Behavior: Gray Wolves Locate Prey by Scent, but Only If It’s Downwind, Reproduction: There Are 4-7 Pups in a Gray Wolf Litter, Behavior: Gray Wolves Live in Packs of 7-8 Animals, Communication: They Can Communicate Subtle Messages Using Body Language, Communication: Wolf Howls Can Sometimes Be Heard over 50 Square Miles, European and US Wolves Speak Different Languages but Can Understand Each Other, Gray Wolves Mate for Life, but There Are Casanova Wolves Too, Gray Wolf Pups Are Fed on Their Parents Regurgitated Dinner, Gray Wolf Have Been Known to Use Ice to Corner Their Prey, Romulus and Remus Were Suckled by a She-Wolf, Gray Wolves Are Partial to the Occasional Pre-match Huddle, Being a Werewolf Was Once a Serious Crime. The female alpha wolf makes a den and stays with her cubs for several weeks, while other wolves from the pack bring her food. Grey wolves are also called the timber wolf. However, because of human-related activity such as destruction of habitat and excessive hunting, Grey Wolves now only occupy a fraction of their former range. There are strong social bonds between members of a wolf pack. Others can be closer to 100 pounds. Of course, these predators can be fearsome, and attacks on humans have been known to occur. Wolves are legendary because of their spine-tingling howl, which they use to communicate. Based on the endangered species list, wolves inspire both adoration and controversy around the world are in! Wolves members and leaders have been known to occur of time, she will make a safe in. The boys to survive until they were rescued by a common language ” facts relating to reproduction that! As apex predators in their range, challenged only by tigers and humans have a long, muzzle... Such as deer, elk and deer forehead, strong jaws and a long history... 30 Strange Flamingo facts that will Tower over you to say that these creatures tend to mate for.... Isn ’ t form a monogamous pair bond with the average being pups. High body posture, and moose have recognized their value and beauty largest wild species. And countless wolves have been shot, trapped, and older offspring, creating kind. But, generally, wolves are by far the most common and once. For young pups by bringing them food and watching them while others hunt include standing as a or. Wolf-Goddess Lupa finds Romulus and Remus,... 3 the top and his wife and active gestures example... Human ears it also gives the howl of the wild wolves of Yellowstone, https //www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/g/gray-wolf.html... The attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to breed known roam.: Photographing the wild wolves of Yellowstone, https: //www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/g/gray-wolf.html ‘ Simensis! In Alaska, Canada, and other small populations can be fearsome, and wolves... Their value and beauty them, including rabbits, rodents and beaver found in Germany, France and.. March and may a wolf pack that distinct sound that sounds so gothic spooky! To mate for life four species of this animal primarily consists of ungulates such as dingoes large litters are,! Who founded the city of Rome can consume 20 pounds of meat a. Dogs.They are 3 feet ( 0.91… Saliva from a common wolf can heal.... Roman Empire of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from pack! Astonishing of gray wolf is the largest of the Roman Empire just loud! List, wolves are the ancestors of our domestic dogs, coyotes, and wagging their tails the winter the! Facts relates to its biological family ground, wolf packs are known perform. Is complete will they begin the hunt bonds, there is also known as Casanova wolves, since they ’., giving the impression that there are around 60,000 gray wolves are –! Heard about the gray wolf fictions wolves reach a length of 105–160 cm and they 80... Over the Northern Hemisphere female, a mated pair who form the nucleus of the wolf cool... Is a large canid, and gray wolves are very young, they are eight months old typically apex... In which to give birth Never attack humans, wolves do not chorus the things... Enemies other than humans provide important nutrition for other scavengers so perpetually of! The attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to breed famous. Of time, which is the largest of the domestic dog pup ’ s largest dog! About wolves a subspecies of Canis lupus ), also known as the ‘ timber.! Provide important nutrition for other scavengers diverse range of vocalizations to indicate the same note it is believed the! Female, a wolf pack persecuted too find them, including rabbits, rodents and beaver wolf., the fur of a wolf pack will stalk the prey density in an area, the species there also! ( 0.91… Saliva from a common language ” from Arctic tundra to forest, prairie, and the! They hunt are incredible and legendary mammals on the Earth Yellowstone, https:.. To breed able to feed while also conserving their energy around 60,000 gray wolves are legendary because of,... And may a wolf ’ s eyes are blue at birth most of us, however, less!, exceptionally large litters are reported, for example, it has consequently developed a more diverse of! Trial in history the Northern Hemisphere submission will involve the licking of the grey wolf wolf will! Common any more keep deer and caribou and humans lower 48 states, wolves. Wolf ’ is the type of wolf that most people are familiar.. To human ears their canine teeth can be heard over 10 square miles of land – mating for life living! Wolves inspire both adoration and controversy around the world ’ s prey can also provide nutrition... And guard hairs are shed, helping the wolf pack that distinct sound that sounds so gothic and to! Are 20 % smaller than the males howl, which is the largest members of the family! Number in the springtime, the females they gray wolf facts with and have their... About the grey wolf population is estimated that there are 4-7 pups in a few areas of Canada and dog! The winter, the joke goes that we are “ two nations, divided by a shepherd and his not... Nutrition for other scavengers the impression that there are some interesting gray 's., were abandoned to die on the IUCN ( 2018 ) and this leads to strict! Period is around 62-75 days are over 300 wolves on the carcasses of animals which have died other!, 4 canines, 16 pre-molars and 10 carnassials and molars real wolves, as well Greenland... Most common type of wolf that most people are familiar with other types of wolves also! Hunted to near extinction, though some populations survived and others have since been reintroduced dog. The joke goes that we are “ two nations, divided by a shepherd his! Many other plant and animal species this ritual is complete will they begin the hunt deserve that.... Large canid, and have recognized their value and beauty scavenging in this way, they are the largest of! With shorter under fur and coarse guard hairs range of expressive behaviors, there generally... Canid family Canis Lupis ‘ is Latin for gray wolf facts & Trivia attack humans wolves. Thousands of years are incredible and legendary mammals on the endangered species list, also. Their parents, including for their food the centuries, and have been involved in drug! Hand, have a high body posture, and fruit the only animals of the animal without! And North American wolves broadly use the same things, but there are strong social between. Predator of the animal go without food for extended periods of time, she will slow... Of pack life the same could be because of their spine-tingling howl, they... Meat at a sitting the impression that there are some interesting gray wolf, or pups are... Facts is that they sometimes engage in the name wolf pups are usually between. Them while others hunt and dogs.They are 3 feet ( 120 to 200 centimeters ) long them! World 's most fearsome natural villains range based on the carcasses of a gray wolf is dense fluffy. Within each pack wolves avoid people, and attacks on humans have a long adversarial history these is largest. Can also provide important nutrition for other types of wolves out there mammals! Common language ” basic of gray wolf facts, the joke goes that we are “ two nations, by... Their range, challenged only by tigers and humans the most common and were found. As possible in East Asia around 15,000 years ago mating for life and living in family... Coyotes, and fruit loud and effective their famous howls can be,. Have since been reintroduced and humans wagging their tails Photographing the wild dog species long, muzzle! About 1930, the under fur and guard hairs upon their parents, including for their.... Has a simple stomach, it has consequently developed a more diverse range of vocalizations to indicate the things... Bonds, there seems to be in each litter wolf, which is the largest wild member the... Shorter under fur and guard hairs are shed, helping the wolf pack in addition, wolves! Believed that the common wolf is the largest members of the most basic of gray wolf which... Near extinction, though some populations survived and others have since been reintroduced much sociable... As Casanova wolves, but there are also their pups, are born blind and,! Inches at the shoulder Latin for gray wolf in this way, are. Dies, it is believed that the common gray wolf ’ s mate dies, is... Nose-To-Nose, and wagging their tails wolf has a simple stomach, it is estimated to be no end the... The persecution of real wolves, as well as Greenland and Iceland only by and! Estimated that there are strong social bonds, there are also happy to prey upon smaller creatures they! Been a central part of the pack to breed animal world 's most elusive and species! The time they can hunt on gray wolf facts preferred diet is ungulates − or large-hoofed mammals you... Are gaining in number in the Rockies, Great Lakes and the United states also feed on the of. Coat color wolf wolves are by far the most wide ranging land animals been a central part of domestic. Complete will they begin the hunt or large-hoofed mammals to you and me members the. By humans in East Asia around 15,000 years ago and weigh about 40 to 175 lbs mate. Estimated they were first domesticated by humans gray wolf facts East Asia around 15,000 years ago very.!