Splitting the country up into manageable chunks makes it easier to govern. Now you know what some of the arguments are for and against the type of power-sharing system of federalism that is found in the United States. In this way cultural and administrative autonomy is given to different nationalities and regions and matters like Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communication, etc., are given to the centre. 10. The purpose of government decentralization is to take power out of the hands of the few and put it in the hands of the many, thereby giving individual citizens a stronger voice. Notice: This website may be compensated by other websites for suggesting their services or products. The structure of the world state cannot be unitary; it can only be federal. 5. There are many advantages and disadvantages to our federal system of government, the benefits of which many believe outweigh the negatives. Advantage of Federal Gov't Allows local states to exercise their own power in their individual states (self-rule) brings gov't closer to the people Disadvantage of Federal Gov't Sacrifices national uniformity on some particular issues (legalization of marijuana) therefore each states' matters differentiates. Moreover, in this type of government some rights are given to the central government and the rest to the states or the provinces. ANS: It keeps majorities from trampling on minorities' rights. A federal government is a government in which powers and responsibilities are divided into national levels to address national and regional needs. 1. Similar is the case with India and other countries. When it comes to the system of federalism that we practice in the United States, there are many advantages as well as disadvantages. (PLEASE NOTE: I do not necessarily agree with these argument against federalism, but they are arguments given primarily by the political left to rationalize why we should take away power from state and local governments and give more centralized power to the federal government. The federal system disperses political power so that no single individual or group has excessive power. 7. Below are the reasons why this may be the case, but before we dive into why the advantages may outweigh the disadvantages of federalism, let's first look at the list of the positives and negatives, the pros and cons, of federalism, many of which are listed elsewhere. This is the position in India, West Germany, Austria, the United States of America, Australia, Brazil and Canada. A federation is more democratic than a unitary system because there are more levels for public opinion to affect. They occupy a position of prestige in the international field only because of their partnership in the Indian Union. An advantage of federalism relevant to me is the loyalties fostered in the state. It creates less confusion over the governing process for the average citizen. The federal system increases the opportunities for average citizens to participate in government. 1. Federalism allows the government to become more responsive to individual needs. Federation is the only way to address the diversity within a country population. The regular supply of necessities is ensured in scarcity areas without much expenditure. To centralize power, to me, is the opposite of becoming more democratic. A federal structure helps to offset governmental elitism. The central government has no true way to understand what issues and changes need to be made in every area of the country. *NOTE: Politics, as I see it, goes through a certain cycle, which is just as likely to occur on the state level as it does on the national level. Thus, central authority system have greater force than the federal system. The economic sources of the country are increased in a federation and the country can face droughts, famines and other natural calamities without much difficulty. The advantages of federal government:The laws are passed in one sovereignty.The disadvantages:Too many rules will be passed making the people disappointed will be the cause of too much propaganda! Another advantage of a unitary government is that the laws of the unitary system, unlike in a federation, are uniform because laws are made only by a single central government for the whole state. This is why federalism is such a great advantage. It is very hard for a central authority to govern the entirety of a large country at once. The federal division of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and thus protects liberty. I believe so. Federalism and the federal system define the basic structure of American government. (6) Citizenship of Federal Government is more dignified than that of its units: The citizenship of a federation is more dignified. Definition of Federal System of Government 2. Similarly, the citizenship of New York or Texas is not as dignified as that of the United States of America. Some of the pros and cons of federalism will be given, with reasons as to why it is believed that the benefits of federalism outweight its detriments. In big countries, there are diverse nationalities, races, religions and cultures and federal government gives them special facilities and safeguards, which help them in making a rapid progress. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. Federalism System. Local governments have also separate rights and the councils elected by the people run the local administration. In a federation the centre looks after many common subjects, and the states have not to incur expenditure on them. 20) An advantage of a federal system of government is that it 1.ensures speedy decisions 2.guarantees the most democratic approach to government 3.permits both national and local approaches to problems 4.is the least costly form of government They are better suited to deal with the true things that need to be changed. Keeping centralized power in check. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for a later time of economic downturn, decide to use that extra money to create a new government program that wins over the voting public so that they can re-elect him/her; 4) the voting public starts to get used to the new government program, depending on it and eventually taking it for granted; 5) then when the next economic downturn arrives, since the state now is running a deficit, the politicians have to convince the voting public that they need to raise taxes to cover the deficit, or face losing a program that they now depend on, in which case the public usually concedes to higher taxes in order to keep that program running; 6) then the taxes are once again set at a proper level to pay for government and its present programs, causing the cycle to start over once again. 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