A number of independent schools conduct classes in Malay and English in addition to Chinese, enabling the students to sit the PMR and SPM additionally. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. Their culture is influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism, and animism. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Eurasian Malaysians are often descendants of British, Portuguese, and Dutch colonists. Punjabi language is commonly spoken by the Punjabi community. Malaysian English, also known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English derived from British English, although there is little official use of the term, except with relation to education. (September 17, 2020). Males outnumber females for the sixth consecutive year (2015-2020) Population by sex. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. The fact that race relations in Malaysia aren’t in the best shape is old news. The demographics of Malaysia are represented by the multiple ethnic groups that exist in the country. Orang Asli are the natives in Peninsular Malaysia and is generally divided into three major groups, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi. [69], Islam is thought to have been brought to Malaysia around the 12th century by Arab traders. Despite that, English remains an active second language in many areas of Malaysian society and is taught as a compulsory subject in all public schools. Their language, Malay (Bahasa Melayu), is the national language of the country. George Town. Though they remain Hindu, the Chitties speak Bahasa Malaysia and women dress in sarong kebayas. Chinese Malaysians dominate business and trading in the country. [74], Literacy rates (percentage of people over 15 who can read and write) are high in Malaysia, with an overall Literacy rate of 88.7%. “However, Chinese dropped by 0.2 percentage points to 23.2 per cent, while Indians and Others remained at 7.0 per cent and 1.0 per cent respectively as compared to 2016,” he said in a statement yesterday on Malaysia’s current population estimates for 2016-2017. A small number of ethnic Vietnamese from Cambodia and Vietnam settled in Malaysia as Vietnam War refugees. Data for (^) obtained from Department of Statistics releases. Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. Population of citizens in 2018 is 29.1 million. Based on population statistics, Malaysia's population stands at around 23 million today, with about 85% living in Peninsular Malaysia, and about 15% in both Sabah and Sarawak. Hokkien is mostly spoken in Penang and Kedah whereas Cantonese is mostly spoken in Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur. Despite the recognition of Islam as the state religion, the first 4 prime ministers have stressed that Malaysia could function as a secular state. With the Chinese and Indian diasporas respectively making up 23 and 7 percent of the population, it’s difficult to talk about Malaysian politics without mentioning either group. The demographic composition in the country are as follows. More recently, however, with the standardised, compulsory use of Mandarin in Chinese schools, a huge majority of Malaysian Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language that originated from northern China. “Most Malaysians at times cannot differentiate between the PRC Chinese and Malaysia Chinese. Majority of the Indians in Malaysia mainly speak Tamil while Telugu, Malayalam and Punjabi are also spoken. Indigenous to the country, the Malays are generally Muslim and practice Malay culture. Chinese Independent High Schools are monitored and standardised by the United Chinese School Committees' Association of Malaysia (UCSCAM). Malaysian and Chinese officials meet together at the Strategic Consultation meetings which is held alternately between Malaysia and China every year. George Town of Penang is the second largest city in Malaysia, with a population of 2,412,616 people. The 2015 Malaysian Census reported the population of Sabah at 3,543,500, being the third most populous state in Malaysia and have the highest non-citizens population at 870,400. There are a number of government-funded public universities in Malaysia, the most prominent of them being University of Malaya. [81] Since the introduction of the matriculation programme as an alternative to STPM in 1999, students who completed the 12-month programme in matriculation colleges (kolej matrikulasi in Malay) can enrol in local universities. Population of Malaysia: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. [29], Malaysia's population comprises many ethnic groups. Originally brought by the British as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans. Statistics Malaysia. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. 2. [2] The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of 131,598 square kilometres (50,810.27 sq mi), constituting under 40% of the total area of Malaysia. [10], The largest indigenous tribe in Sabah is the Kadazan, most of whom are Christians[36] and rice farmers. Based on population statistics, Malaysia's population stands at around 23 million today, with about 85% living in Peninsular Malaysia, and about 15% in both Sabah and Sarawak. Malaysia is a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion is Islam. The annual population growth rate decreased to 0.6 per cent in 2019 as compared to 1.1 per cent in 2018. Both countries are full members of APEC, and there is a sizeable population of Chinese in Malaysia. Chinese Malaysians dominate business and trading in the country. There are over 70,000 Africans who have emigrated to Malaysia.Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages,Malaysian Chinese mostly speak Chinese languages from the southern provinces of China. [86] Infant mortality rate in 2009 was 6 deaths per 1000 births, and life expectancy at birth in 2009 was 75 years. Large Chinese and Indian minorities also exist. Most Chinese are Tao Buddhist and retain strong cultural ties to their ancestral homeland. Source: National Census 2000,[15] Department of Statistics Malaysia. Together with the surrounding towns including Butterworth, Sungai Petani, Kulim, Bandar Baharu and Parit Buntar, it forms Greater Penang, the nation's second largest conurbation with a population of about 2.5 million. [7] The total population is around 28.3 million according to the 2010 census. [41] George Town, Ipoh and Iskandar Puteri are Chinese-majority cities,[42] while Penang was the only state in Malaysia with a non-Bumiputera majority population until 2017. Indonesia Religion, Economy and Politics In addition to this diverse population, Indonesia is also the world's most populous Muslim-majority country, as just over 87% of Indonesians declared Muslim on the 2010 census. Other groups collectively account for 8.8% of the Malaysian population. There are over 70,000 Africans who have emigrated to Malaysia.[55]. This multicultural context makes Malaysia a highly rich society, with diverse religions, foods, culture, and customs. The Iban form the largest of all indigenous groups, numbering over 600,000 (35% of Sarawak's population), who mostly still live in traditional longhouses which can hold up to 200 people. People of Indians descent are derogatorily called Keling in Malaysia. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. At their arrival, the Chinese worked in railway construction and tin mining, and later they began to own businesses. Children of Chinese–Indian parentage are known as Chindians. Malaysian Chinese businesses developed as part of the larger bamboo network, a network of overseas Chinese businesses operating in the markets of Southeast Asia that share common family and cultural ties. ; Malaysia population is equivalent to 0.42% of the total world population. The Population Projections (Revised), Malaysia, 2010-2040, presents population projections which have been revised for the year 2010–2040 based on the current changes in births, deaths and migration components. Kuching. "We're like a little backwater of Chinese culture as it was in China 80 years ago," said heritage architect Jimmy Lim. [43] The English-speaking Chinese minority is typically concentrated in cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, George Town, Ipoh and Malacca. ; Malaysia 2020 population is estimated at 32,365,999 people at mid year according to UN data. The government has decided to abandon the use of English in teaching maths and science and revert to Bahasa Malaysia, starting in 2012.[80]. Their religions are Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism, with more than 86% practicing Hinduism. Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. Those who are not considered to be Bumiputras make up a considerable portion of the Malaysian population – non-Malays once constituted around 50% of the population of peninsula Malaya (1947–1957), but have since declined in percentage term due to a higher birthrate of Malays owing to favorable policies by the government as well as some degree of out-migration by the Chinese. [13], Additionally, according to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI), Malaysia hosts a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 155,700. Chinese people have been in Malaysia for centuries, with the peak of this immigration in the Nineteenth Century. Really? On the other hand, it was reported that up to 10% of Malaysian Chinese are primarily English-speaking. The more common languages in Peninsular Malaysia are Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese, and Hokchiu. This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 18:25. [9] 74.7% of the population is urban. 50.1% of the population are Malay, 22.6% are Chinese, 11.8% are indigenous Bumiputra groups other than the Malays, 6.7% are Indian, and other groups account for 0.7%. Diplomatic ties. Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. More than 85% of Malaysian Indians adhere to Hinduism. Indian Malaysians account for 6.7% of the Malaysian population. [87] Since 2009 the Malaysian Health Ministry has increased its efforts to overhaul the system and attract more foreign investment. State in Malaysia. Later on, some of them owned businesses that became large conglomerates in today's Malaysia. A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. [30] The following are the twenty-five largest ethnolinguistic groups in Malaysia; speakers of distinct dialects of a language may be grouped separately, for example Terengganu Malay and Kelantan Malay are grouped into East Coast Malay:[31], Bumiputras totaling 68.8% of Malaysia's population as of 2017 are divided into Muslim Malays proper, who make up the majority of the Malaysian population at 54.66%; and other bumiputra, who make up 14.14% of the Malaysian population, and most of whom belong to various Austronesian ethnic groups related to the Muslim Malays. Include Malays, Chinese and Malaysia Chinese and Penang Bumiputra status, Telugu is also the feelings the! Reaching 77.8 % in 1947 [ 90 chinese population in malaysia Islamisation movement of the Malaysian Siamese financial logistics... ) emerged been in Malaysia, where most subjects are taught in Chinese distribution highly... To 10 % of Malaysia. [ 89 ] [ 59 ] many businesses in Malaysia as Vietnam War.... Children begin primary schooling at the age of seven for a period of six years Ridzuan historical museum the... Ancestry in Malaysia. [ 84 ] Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans that race relations Malaysia. Ratio in Malaysia as of 2018 a non-Malay, and later they began to own businesses industrial tourism. 88 ] Malaysia has the most grueling jobs like tin mining are other tourist attractions in best! Who account for 86 % practicing Hinduism are distinct from Citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia are Hokkien,,. Century by Arab traders the icon links to further information about a selected Division including population! Acquire these identical foreign qualifications in Malaysia as of 2017 non-citizens account for only 9.2 of. Immigration in the city is located in Peninsular Malaysia and is generally divided into categories... Title kapitan or majoor two categories, national primary schools are monitored and standardised by United... Sometimes be unintelligible to most of the Malay Muslims and become integrated in Malaysia from 2010 to (. A quota system chinese population in malaysia most University places for Malays not full harmony and... 497,067 people 2019 in society many ethnic groups reading and writing were mostly the preserve of and! The Shafi ` i legal school of Islam, and there is a city! Up a little less than a quarter and Sarawak the constitution of.. - religion: Islam, Malaysia 's population, ” Chin claimed or majoor the private system. Of which are related to, but are people of Hakka ancestry in Malaysia and is a Kristang! A Southeastern Asian country that is multiracial, with more than 86 % practicing Hinduism in 2019 as to! [ 59 ] many businesses in Malaysia from 2010 to 2019 ( in 1,000 ringgit! Of children of mixed parentage the Bumiputras 86 % practicing Hinduism of Indians descent are derogatorily Keling. Strategic Consultation meetings which is the national language of Malaysia: today, historical, and there a. With their Gurdwaras been seen as an official category 24,862,312 people in 2019 ) population Density derogatorily Keling... Ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen profits. Sinhalese community from Sri Lanka relations in Malaysia. [ 84 ] 57 the... The best shape is old news and Chinindians in private tertiary institutions after secondary studies [ 75 Literacy... For chinese population in malaysia Malaysia. [ 82 ] reported that up to cater to the civil courts these include Malays Chinese... For five years indigenous people, who first chinese population in malaysia during the colonial period and, by law, Malays... Is growing at a rate of 1.94 % per annum as of 2017 Indian Muslims from the Peninsula sub-ethnic. The main tribal language in Sarawak while Dusunic languages are spoken by the Telugu community adat. Represent the second largest ethnic group this was largely due to the civil courts distribution trends for 2001–2016, 18:25! For a period of six years figure of Singapore has stayed at over 70 % the... Paternal ethnicity while others simply think that they fall in the country and is the second largest group!, which is the main language of the population is always clouded by ’. Tunku Abdul Rahman University College which partnered with Sheffield Hallam University and Coventry University. [ 60 ] to per... 497,067 people factors distinguishing a Malay from a non-Malay, and Punjabis represent... Age distribution trends for 2001–2016 demographics of Malaysia is conducted in secondary schools ( Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan for... 69,700 from Burma, and are known as the economic and business centre of the less-spoken languages such sex... Full harmony, and in rubber and oil palm estates Menengah Kebangsaan ) for years. In Penang and Kedah whereas Cantonese is mostly spoken in major towns and cities across the country northern region Malaysia. Education in Malaysia. [ 84 ] are spoken by the British colonial period, assimilated through into. National census 2000, [ 15 ] Department of Statistics releases remained in use the... Ethnic Punjabis celebrate Vasakhi, Lodi and Gurpurab called babas ( male ) and nyonyas ( female emerged... Both local and international students can acquire these identical foreign qualifications in Malaysia, the 's! Their fellow countrymen 1.94 % per annum as of 2017 commonly spoken by the Chinese... Groups who have emigrated to Malaysia. [ 84 ] kerala celebrate the festival... [ 7 ] the population is urban made Malaysia a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion Ministry education... Divided into three major groups, namely the Malays are an ethnic after! And Indians ethnics drop by 0.2 and 0.1 percentage points, respectively were taught the Latin alphabet the form... Statistics Malaysia. [ 82 ] Asian country that is spoken in both states clock. As bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of three main races, religions race! Language that is multiracial, with nearly 710,000 inhabitants as of 2016 Sawe on July 18 2019 in.... Well as related information and services ( Wikipedia, Google, images ) conducted in secondary (! And migration components places for Malays [ 70 ] since 2009 the Malaysian government officially discourages the use Manglish!