Eid Al Adha Holiday December 1, 2020 1:21 pm. Moreover, since that time, Egypt’s history has been part of the broader Islamic world, and though Egyptians continued to be ruled by foreign elite—whether Arab, Kurdish, Circassian, or Turkish—the country’s cultural milieu remained predominantly Arab. Holidays and Observances in Egypt in 2020. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the site of one of the world’s earliest urban and literate societies. World War 1 had a large effect on the independence of Egypt. The United Kingdom occupied Egypt in 1882 and continued to exert a strong influence on the country until after World War II (1939–45). During the War of 1996, the Egyptian capital of Cairo was threatened by a City Destroyer. Following the conquests, both urban and rural culture began to adopt elements of Arab culture, and an Arabic vernacular eventually replaced the Egyptian language as the common means of spoken discourse. From the pyramids to the Suez Canal, Egypt has a vast history. Although Cyprus attained independence from the UK on August 16, 1960, Independence Day is celebrated on October 1. The declaration of martial law and the suspension of the Legislative Assembly temporarily silenced the nationalists. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/when-did-egypt-gain-its-independence.html However, the city was saved during the July 4th counterattack and the City Destroyer crashed near the Giza pyramid complex. The Suez Canal which is a portion of the sea linking the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean is also controlled by Egypt. Egypt - Egypt - Government and society: Egypt has operated under several constitutions, both as a monarchy and, after 1952, as a republic. Other countries that commemorate their independence in October include Uganda (9), Fiji (10), Zambia (24), and the Czech Republic (28). Although Cyprus attained independence from the UK on August 16, 1960, Independence Day is celebrated on October 1. Climate changes or overgrazing around 8000 BCE began to desiccate the pastoral lands of Egypt, forming the Sahara. On 11 November 1918, 102 years ago, Poland regained its independence. The capital city, Cairo, is one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations, and manufacturing and trade have increasingly outstripped agriculture as the largest sectors of the national economy. How well do you know it? Author of. Independence Day . Allenby insisted on concessions to the nationalists, hoping to reach a settlement. The city of Cairo, on the Nile River in Egypt. Revolution Day, public holiday celebrated in Egypt to commemorate the military coup of July 23, 1952, that led to the end of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic. Period of Arab and Turkish governors (639–868), The Mamluk and Ottoman periods (1250–1800), From the French to the British occupation (1798–1882), The French occupation and its consequences (1798–1805), Muḥammad ʿAlī and his successors (1805–82), The period of British domination (1882–1952), The British occupation and the Protectorate (1882–1922). Egypt Independence Day. The British government’s refusal to accept a delegation, followed by the arrest of Zaghloul, produced a widespread revolt in Egypt, and Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby (later Lord Allenby), the victor over the Ottomans in Palestine, was sent out as special high commissioner. 11.11.2020. In the 10th millennium BCE, a culture of hunter-gatherers and fishers was replaced by a grain-grinding culture. But after the Ba'ath party's accession to power on July 17, 1968, that date was Iraq's official day of national celebration until 2006. Egypt’s Treasury and Mint authorities has unveiled a set of medals celebrating the 1050th anniversary of Cairo’s founding. The country attained independence on February 28, 1922, from Britain as a protectorate. Use them as-is or adapt and personalize them to create your own unique 4th of July greeting. The country gained its independence from Britain and admission to the League of Nations on that date in 1932. Until the Muslim conquest, great continuity had typified Egyptian rural life. Under the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty, an advanced literate society thrived in the city of Alexandria, but what is now Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 bce. 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