Psalms 90:10. It is probable that human life was gradually diminished until it became fixed at the limit which now bounds it, and which is to remain as the great law in regard to its duration upon the earth. Though some are of the opinion that these words do not give an account of the duration of man's life in general, but refer to the short lives of the Israelites in the wilderness, yet I do not see but it may take in both; and Moses who composed the Psalm, lived a hundred and twenty years … Psalms 90:10. Are threescore years and ten - Not as life originally was, but as it has been narrowed down to about that period; or, this is the ordinary limit of life. That of which a man who has reached that period might be disposed to boast - as if it were owing to himself. The true judgment is the ultimate, not the intermediate. The changes of time are to Him no barrier restraining the realization of His counsel - a truth which has a terrible and a consolatory side. it is … cut off—or, "driven," as is said of the quails in using the same word (Nu 11:31). Alex. Here, in part, is what I said: But the conclusion of all this, is that there is something we should do: “So teach us to number our days that we may get a heart of wisdom” (Psalm 90.12) What does it mean to number our days? Listen to our Bible studies now from your browser. You can also download them to your computer, phone, or tablet. Commentary on Psalm 90:1-6 (Read Psalm 90:1-6) It is supposed that this psalm refers to the sentence passed on Israel in the wilderness, Numbers 14. For it is soon cut off.—This seems hardly to give, as it professes to do, a reason for the fact that the prolongation of life beyond its ordinary limit brings trouble and sorrow, and we are compelled to see if the words can convey a different meaning. The standpoint of the first comparison, "as yesterday," is taken towards the end of the thousand of years. "the days of our years in this world are seventy years of the stronger;''. The fact that God causes one generation to die off has as its consequence that He calls another into being (cf. It is not so much Psalm 90:3 that is confirmed as Psalm 90:2, to which the former serves for explanation, viz., this, that God as the Almighty (אל), in the midst of this change of generations, which is His work, remains Himself eternally the same. It is obvious to remark that man has enough to do to fill up the time of his life; that life to man is too precious to be wasted. In Psalm 143, David laments his circumstances and feels that every step he takes is under attack from his enemies, who are persecuting his soul. The days of our years are three score years and ten. NCV. The poet intentionally calls the generation that is dying away אנושׁ, which denotes man from the side of his frailty or perishableness; and the new generation בּני־אדם, with which is combined the idea of entrance upon life. Meaning of Psalm 90:10. consec. This number has often been It is clear that השׁיב עד־דּכּא is intended to be understood according to Genesis 3:19; but it is a question whether דּכּא is conceived of as an adjective (with mutable aa), as in Psalm 34:19, Isaiah 57:15 : Thou puttest men back into the condition of crushed ones (cf. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The shorter future form תּשׁב for תּשׁיב stands poetically instead of the longer, as e.g., in Psalm 11:6; Psalm 26:9; cf. May it not, also, be implied here that a man who has reached that period of life - who has survived so many others - who has seen so many fall by imprudence, or vice, or intemperance - will be in special danger of being proud, as if it were by some special virtue of his own that his life had been thus lengthened out? If we have a strong constitution, we could live to see 80 but that last 10 years could involve fighting against various illnesses, as if we’re just delaying the inevitable, because when all is said and done we’re going to “fly away” just the same. Psalm 90 INTRODUCTION: Psalm 90 is the first psalm in Book IV of the psalms (Psalms 90-106). This last is the simplest way of taking it, but it comes to one and the same thing with the second, since דּכּא signifies crushing in the neuter sense. In Psalm 90, Moses is interceding for the Israelites who are wandering in the wilderness waiting for the older generation to die before entering the Promised Land. (e) "amplitudo eorum", Montanus. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Psalm 90 gives us probably the best biblical perspective of time. This is also to be seen from Psalm 90:3, Psalm 90:4, when Psalm 90:3 now more definitely affirms the omnipotence of God, and Psalm 90:4 the supra-temporality of God or the omnipresence of God in time. Browse, sort & search all Bible Study resources. Yet the period of seventy is the ordinary limit beyond which few can go; the great mass fall long before they reach that. It seems to relate to the specifics of ancient Israel’s experience of exile and the broader human travail. Perhaps in no circumstances will the danger of pride be more imminent than when one has thus passed safely through dangers where others have fallen, and practiced temperance while others have yielded to habits of intemperance, and taken care of his own health while others have neglected theirs. There are commonly just enough people of extreme old age upon the earth to show us impressively that it is not "desirable" to live to be very old; just enough to keep this lesson with salutary force before the minds of those in earlier life; just enough, if we saw it aright, to make us willing to die before that period comes! What does this verse really mean? We are to seek wisdom and to live each day to its fullest for the glory of God. Psalm 90 speaks of judgment imposed by Yahweh on the people. Stories and their meanings: Bible Study Videos: 268 - Spiritual Beauty. apud Clement. Thus is it to God with a thousand years: they do not last long to Him; they do not affect Him; at the close of them, as at the beginning, He is the Absolute One (אל). Psalm 90:10 - The length of our days is seventy years – or eighty, if we have the strength. The old man is constantly in the condition of one who is weary; whose powers are exhausted; and who feels the need of repose. for it is in them that such a number of years is arrived unto; or "in them", that is, in some of them; in some of mankind, their years amount hereunto, but not in all: "and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years"; through a good temperament of body, a healthful and strong constitution, under a divine blessing, some may arrive to the age of eighty; there have been some instances of a strong constitution at this age and upwards, but not very common; see Joshua 14:11, for, generally speaking, such who through strength of body live to such an age. A thousand years, which would make any man who might live through them weary of life, are to Him like a vanishing point. The remainder of Psalm 90 gives details about God’s wrath against sin and about the meaning of life. The word rendered "sorrow" - און 'âven - means properly "nothingness, vanity;" Isaiah 41:29; Zechariah 10:2; then, nothingness as to worth, unworthiness, iniquity - which is its usual meaning; Numbers 23:21; Job 36:21; Isaiah 1:13; and then, evil, adversity, calamity; Proverbs 22:8; Genesis 35:18. 1. Epist. Psalm 90 is a prayer of Moses. constr. The lxx misses the meaning when it brings over אל from Psalm 90:2, and reads אל־תּשׁב. Psalm 143:10(NASB) Verse Thoughts. // And have mercy upon Your servants Verse 90:10 seems to consist of popular sayings about the brevity and insignifi-cance of human life. Copyright © 2020. Moses wrote this psalm. What now is the connection between that which confirms and that which is confirmed here? “Threescore years … fourscore years”: Though Moses lived to be 120 years old, and his “eye was not dim, nor his vigor abated” (Deut. Psalm 90 clearly describes this conundrum of human life and powerfully gives a word of hope to the existence and purpose of man. God causes men to die without letting them die out; for - so it continues in Psalm 90:4 - a thousand years is to Him a very short period, not to be at all taken into account. This means "master", someone with authority. He feels that his life is being pounded and pulverised into the ground. His conclusion, of course, is that man and God look at time from entirely different perspectives. Jack Kelley published over 9,000 Bible Study resources here from 1999, until the Lord called him home in the fall of 2015. We’ll still fly away, we just won’t die first. follows. The days of our years are three score years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. Like this post? Yet is their strength - Hebrew, "Their pride." Labour and sorrow - The word rendered "labour" - עמל ‛âmâl - means properly "toil;" that is, wearisome labor. A prayer of Moses, the man of God. Psalm 90:10 "The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away." This passage proves that the psalm was written when the life of man had been shortened, and had been reduced to about what it is at present; for this description will apply to man now. 12. Psalms 90:10. Furthermore, it has no affinity with any of the other psalms, meaning that it does not cover any similar circumstances. (c) Vat. Psalm 90:10 says we’re given a lifespan of about 70 years. A message from the series "Psalms." It translates the Hebrew … The word used here - גז gāz - is commonly supposed to be derived from גזז gâzaz, to cut, as to cut grass, or to mow; and then, to shear, sc. ; You turn man to destruction, and say, Return, you sons of man. A whole millennium appears to God, when He glances over it, just as the yesterday does to us when (כּי) it is passing by (יעבר), and we, standing on the border of the opening day, look back upon the day that is gone. It is certainly not without design that the poet says אשׁמוּרה בלּילה instead of אשׁמרת הלּילה. Jews are people who were born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children. will show, the psalms repeat themselves; certain thoughts found in one psalm are found, almost word-for-word, in other psalms. Just read your wonderful article on healing.That is the best explanation of Paul’s ‘thorn in the flesh’ I have ever read. frequently only expresses the sequence of the thoughts or the connection of the matter, e.g., after a future that refers to that which is constantly taking place, Job 14:10. Download our eBooks to read on your computers, phone, tablet, or eReader. The days H3117 of our years H8141 are threescore H7657 years H8141 and ten; H7657 and if by reason of strength H1369 they be fourscore H8084 years, H8141 yet is their strength H7296 labour H5999 and sorrow; H205 for it is soon H2440 cut off H1468, and we fly away H5774. Herodotus, l. 1. sive Clio, c. 32. l. 3. v. 67. 168 - The Ultimate Salvation, The Oil of Joy. There is, at that time of life, as well as at other times, great danger lest that which we have received from God, and which is in no manner to be traced to ourselves, may be an occasion of pride, as if it were our own, or as if it were secured by our own prudence, wisdom, or merit. in Somno Scipionis, l. 1. c. 6. p. 58. Our iniquity is the reason God directs His wrath at us. ((d) "----tristisque senectus et labor----". ; Before the mountains were brought forth, yea, before the earth and the world were formed, even from eternity to eternity, you are god! consec. What Does Psalm 143:10 Mean? Psalm 90:1-10. In view of this certain and speedy end, life is full of sorrow. Moses says most of them are dying at seventy years of age. אשׁמוּרה is a night-watch, of which the Israelites reckoned three, viz., the first, the middle, and the morning watch (vid., Winer's Realwrterbuch s. v. Nachtwache). To the saints the Lord Jehovah, the self existent … And if by reason of strength they be four score years; yet is their pride then but let, our and vanity. To me it’s a reminder that in this world, no one is immortal. The second comparison is an advance upon the first, and an advance also in form, from the fact that the Caph similitudinis is wanting: a thousand years are to God a watch in the night. Stromat. But, at any rate, it is no longer; and in that brief period he must accomplish all that he is to do in reference to this world, and all that is to be done to prepare him for the world to come. Find & sort all our resources. This Psalm could not have been written by Moses, because the term of human life was much more extended when he flourished than eighty years at the most. We must consider the whole Psalm as written for the tribes in the desert, and then we shall see the primary meaning of each verse. A day that is past, as we stand on the end of it, still produces upon us the impression of a course of time by reason of the events which we can recall; but a night passed in sleep, and now even a fragment of the night, is devoid of all trace to us, and is therefore as it were timeless. However, if by our "strength, labor and sorrow", by our careful planning and … Our earthly lives will not last long, and we need wisdom to prepare for what follows. the Arabic epithet of God el-mu‛ı̂d equals המשׁיב, the Resuscitator). Psalm 90:10 The days of our years are three score years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. O lord, you have been our habitation in all generations. yet is their strength labour and sorrow; they labour under great infirmities, feel much pain, and little pleasure, as Barzillai at this age intimates, 2 Samuel 19:35, these are the evil days (d), in which is no pleasure, Ecclesiastes 12:1, or "their largeness or breadth is labour and sin" (e); the whole extent of their days, from first to last, is spent in toil and labour to live in the world; and is attended with much sin, and so with much sorrow: for it is soon cut off; either the strength of man, or his age, by one disease or incident or another, like grass that is cut down with the scythe, or a flower that is cropped by the hand; see Job 14:2. and we fly away; as a shadow does, or as a bird with wings; out of time into eternity; from the place of our habitation to the grave; from a land of light to the regions of darkness: it is well if we fly away to heaven and happiness. The best way to view our articles and Q&A. This is important information that helps us understand that Psalm 90:10 is not referring to the maximum number of years men and women will live. This latter seems to be the meaning here. God is eternal and human life is short. Psalm 90 | Perhaps more than any other Psalm, Psalm 90 brings our mortality front and center. A fut. Through an exploration of Psalm 90, this article will strive to give answer to the eternal question of meaning and purpose, particularly in the entrepreneurial realm of business. The psalmist combined these sayings and wove them into a powerful premise for his fundamental plea in v. 13: "Return, O God! Teach me to do Your will, For You are my God; Let Your good Spirit lead me on level ground. This psalm, the only one attributed to Moses, compares how man and God view time and life. Psalm 90, likely the oldest psalm, opens with Moses addressing God as eternal and Israel's dwelling place, but quickly shifts to an acknowledgement of man's brief life on earth. This word means, to pass through, to pass over, to pass away; and then, to cause to pass over, as the quails were Numbers 11:31 by the east wind. Eighty years is the utmost limit he sets man's life at, i.e., in the most ordinary and common account of man's life. Psalms 90:10 "The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away." Sign up for our free daily newsletter. l. 1. This ever the same, absolute existence has its ground herein, that time, although God fills it up with His working, is no limitation to Him. Psalm 90 takes a full view of life including human frailty and divine wrath and a plea for divine grace. Sermons: The Length of a Person's Life Related Books . (b) Laertius in Vita Solon. I have a question  –  I would like to read an expansion of Psalm 90:10 where we are given three score years and ten but perhaps to eighty with tribulations. Time is as nothing to Him, the Eternal One. There can be no doubt that there are good reasons - some of which could be easily suggested - why his term of life is no longer. The arrangement of the psalms into five books goes back at least to the time when the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek (the Septuagint) approximately 200 B.C. The favour and protection of God are the only sure rest and comfort of the soul in this evil world. He has been a man of God all his life and I hate to see this happen to him, but he has instructed all his family to pray, not for healing, but that Father’s Will be done. We grow food to support a community, build and repair homes, and support the poor, widows, and the fatherless. My own much loved brother has terminal cancer at age 81. Clarke's Psalms 90:10 Bible Commentary Psalm 90:10Threescore years and ten - See the note on the title of this Psalm 90 (note). The tendency to pride in man does not die out because a man grows old. Psalm 127:2) דּכּא, in Deuteronomy 23:2 : to crushing. They are 3 different words in the Hebrew Bible. I invite you then to p. 36. Psalm 90 is the 90th psalm from the Book of Psalms.In the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation in the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 89 in a slightly different numbering system. In verses 1 and 17,there is the word Lord. In this psalm, there are 3 words for God: *Lord, *LORD and God. The days of our lives are seventy years; And if by reason of strength they are eighty years, Yet their boast is only labor and sorrow; For it is soon cut off, and we fly away. Our lifetime is seventy years or, if we are strong, eighty years. It is this difference in point of view that makes a huge difference in how we conduct our lives. For it is soon cut off ... - Prof. Alexander renders this, "For he drives us fast;" that is, God drives us - or, one seems to drive, or to urge us on. And if by reason of strength ... - If there be unusual strength or vigor of natural constitution; or if the constitution has not been impaired or broken by toil, affliction, or vicious indulgence; or if the great laws of health have been understood and observed. It will scarcely be doubted that in such cases the second judgment, if not absolutely just, is the more just in comparison. (i) Meaning according to the common state of life. Of great importance is Moses’ emphasis to “number our days.” Psalm 90:10, NIV: "Our days may come to seventy years, or eighty, if our strength endures; yet the best of them are but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away." Notes on the Psalms. Hofmann and Hitzig take תּשׁב as imperfect on account of the following ותּאמר: Thou didst decree mortality for men; but the fut. the same thing in the inf. Psalm 90 is sort of a ‘pre-evangelistic’ psalm, laying the foundation for our need for redemption. Christ Jesus is the refuge and dwelling-place to which we may repair. Macrob. If the … The night-time is the time for sleep; a watch in the night is one that is slept away, or at any rate passed in a sort of half-sleep. He is however exalted above all time, inasmuch as the longest period appears to Him very short, and in the shortest period the greatest work can be executed by Him. Ep. How little desirable is it for a man to reach extreme old age! Psalm 90:10, ESV : "The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away." & Solon. It does have, however, similarity and affinity with one chapter that Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. thus there comes a haste that we may fly away; i.e.. This is the Jewish interpretation. PSALMS 90 Other translations - previous - next - meaning - Psalms - BM Home - Full Page PSALM 90. 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