– Population growth creates a huge labour force and since labour is abundant in the society, it becomes cheaper also. You can get your custom paper from Portner in his article on “Population Growth and Economic Development’ talks about why studying the relationship between population growth and economic development is important by giving detailed analysis on the purpose, structure and theories of population growth and economic development. Even though mortality is much higher in less developed countries (e. g. life expectancy at birth in 2000 was 75 years in the more developed countries and 62 to 64 years in the less developed countries), fertility remains even higher, thus accounting for relatively high growth in the third world. Chapman viewed population size determination as a balance between "biotic potential" and "environmental resistance". Current estimates anticipate a continued decline to about 0. Introduction Over the years there have been growing concerns of the students in minimizing the rising BSA population shifters. Questioners/Survey: Do you think the population cause problems in the country of the Philippines? This in turn lowers the demand for some goods in the market. On the contrary, other economists are mainly concerned about the negative consequences of population growth on the economic growth of the country which include: – Over population hampers the growth output per worker, this happens because the other factors of production besides labour e. g. capital and land do not increase in the same proportion as the labour force. Countries who are in the early stages of economic development tend to have higher rates of population growth. From an early age, they can help with household tasks and collecting the harvest. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. Any society at its early stage will be at the traditional level, and then it will move to a level where it will be ready for a take-off to the economic transition. Contribution/ Originality This study contributes in the existing literature by applying two population growth models to empirically examine the pattern of population growth in China and its influencing factors. Birth Rate; It is the average number of the children born in a country compared to the rest of the population. At the start of the increase in population, when consumers increase, there is a greater demand for natural raw materials. As a result, the world witnessed unprecedented rapid population growth between 1950 and 1985, owing, in large part, to third world increases. 4 0 obj James W. Fox . endobj All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. There are now more than 28,000 cities with more than 5000 inhabitants and about 1000 with more than 100000 inhabitants. Although no one is sure when the concept originated, most people agree that development is closely bound up with the evolution of capitalism and the demise of feudalism. In these less developed countries, mortality decreases were not matched by fertility decreases, where they produce population growth rates much greater than those experienced in the West. Dr. A. K. M. Kafiluddin, Professor Emeritus of National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, in his book titled “Population Research, Environmental Conservation and Economic Development” talks about population growth and economic development from two perspectives: one from the global perspective and the other from the perspective of Bangladesh. Then help was taken from secondary sources* for information and references. Next at the take-off stage the society will move towards economic development from which it will move towards the maturity level and then come to a halt assuming that everything in the society runs smoothly. Since savings decrease, generation of new investment is hampered that leads to negative economic growth. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Dr. A. K. M. Kafiluddin also gave a similar viewpoint like Charles B. Nam that no firm statements cannot be made about the relationship between population growth and economic development as different countries have different experiences in this regard i. e. hat is true for one country might not be suitable for another country as its population growth pattern and economic structure might be different. He positive effects include: – Population growth is related to technological advancements. How fertility rates can lead to development, what happens when population growth is desirable and undesirable, what can be the role of developing nations in terms of population and economic policy planning and how developed nations can play their role and help developing countries with their population growth and economic development – all these issues are highlighted in the discussion with due importance and proper details. endobj The writer then mentions that level of living is also linked with population growth. It is in the less developed countries that the continued growth in population will occur in the twenty-first century. In Stage Three (post transition), the movement to low fertility and mortality rates is complete, producing once again a no-growth situation. Population affects the course of national economic development. Growth from 1950 to 1985 was even more dramatic; by 1985, the human population was 5 billion. For example, the biotic factors that influence a population are the presence of predators or hunters, the food supply, the density of the population itself, the biotic potential of the species and disease. Factors affecting Microbial growth ... •Growth of bacterial populations follow a sequential series of four distinct growth phases; •The Lag, Log, Stationary and Death phases. Population Growth Determinant # 4. 100 In other words, economic development refers to the transition of a country from a low income economy to a high income economy with respect to its increased population. stream Migration: Migration is shifting of people from one place to another for residential and occupational reasons. Factors affecting population growth. Michael P. Todaro and Stephen C. Smith in their book titled “Economic Development” nicely and elaborately discussed population growth and economic development from a broad perspective by giving in a lot of details and by presenting some useful arguments. It is also mentioned that when population growth is in a slower pace, the percentage of people in the country living in poverty decreases which implies that economic development is fostered at declining population growth levels. Factors Affecting Population Growth 69 Notes D. The logistic growth equation is a mathematical representation of Malthus' idea of population growth and environmental resistance. – Businesses will utilize the cheap labour and will provide them with more and better job facilities. What Factors Affect the Growth of the Population? So the demographic transition that took two centuries to unfold in the West occurred (or is occurring) within the span of a single life. Although bacteria do increase in size before cell division, bacterial growth refers to an increase in the number of organisms rather than an increase in their size. ” He argued that capitalism creates overpopulation (i. e. , a surplus of people relative to jobs), leading to increased unemployment, cheap labour, and poverty. T. Mechlinski, Factors Affecting Migrant Remittances and Return Migration: A Case Study of South Africa ... All the municipalities except for the West Rand have seen their population grow between 2001 and 2007 with the highest growth rates concentrated in Tshwane and Johannesburg. Malthus formulated a “principle of population” that held that unchecked population grows more quickly than the means of subsistence (food and resources) to sustain it. 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