During meal times, it is encouraged to hear readings of Holy Scripture whenever possible (Rule 24), and to give silent prayers of Grace (Rule 29). 1250 AD) evidences that all ceremonies are conducted only “in chapter”, meaning within a formal meeting of the house requiring canonical behaviour with courtly etiquette (Rule 678). [15] Saint Jerome, Epistola 195 (418 AD); Eugene TeSelle, Augustine the Theologian (1970), reprinted London (2002), p.343. Knights Templar, also known as Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, were actually a Catholic military order.. For all of these reasons, the Templar Patron Saint Bernard de Clairvaux, in his speech In Praise of the New Knighthood (ca. Its 72 clauses laid down the details of the knights' way of life, including the types of garments they were to wear and how many horses they could have. Devotional chanting greatly enhances mental focus, using the physics of “sound frequency vibrations” to help filter out negative energies and attract positive energies. Organization of the Knights Templar Military Monks . [50][51][52], The remaining Templars around Europe were either arrested and tried under the Papal investigation (with virtually none convicted), absorbed into other Catholic military orders, or pensioned off and allowed to live out their days peacefully. With this formal blessing, the Templars became a favoured charity throughout Christendom, receiving money, land, businesses, and noble-born sons from families who were eager to help with the fight in the Holy Land. Archaeology established that every major Egyptian Temple functioned as a “university” [41] [42], as “centers of scholarship” [43], “keeping accurate scientific records”, and “conducted what amount to scientific experiments” [44]. [10] Titus Flavius Josephus, The Life of Flavius Josephus, Rome (ca. A discussion of Francis Bacon is a worthy segue into a theory related to the illustrious Knights Templar. St Jacques De Molay pray for us. This was granted in a papal bull, Ad ea ex quibus, on 14 March 1319. Clergy are actually required to receive “solid teaching in the sacred sciences” (Canon 248), and to “continue in their sacred studies… of the sacred sciences” (Canon 279). The Crusades and the Knights Templar. Learn about the Codes of Chivalry for Templar missions. The Knights Templar are famous today for their cameos in The Da Vinci Code and Assassin’s Creed, but in real life they were an army of crusading knights … After the Templars were involved in several unsuccessful campaigns, including the pivotal Battle of Hattin, Jerusalem was recaptured by Muslim forces under Saladin in 1187. Vatican scholar: prayer proves Knights Templar not heretical The Vatican has for the first time published the prayer the Knights Templar composed when “unjustly imprisoned”, in which they appealed to the Virgin Mary to persuade “our enemies” to abandon “calumnies and lies” and revert to “truth and charity”. ), This article is about the medieval chivalric order. The Templar diet was thus established to be 85% vegetarian (Rules 26-27), which is known to facilitate deep spiritual meditation. [39] Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year. Discover the true nature of the legendary Templar Spirituality, from the ancient origins of classical Christianity, as canonical Mysticism and sacred sciences, also compatible with universal spirituality. The Templar Order, though its members were sworn to individual poverty, was given control of wealth beyond direct donations. [110][111], The Knights Templar have become associated with legends concerning secrets and mysteries handed down to the select from ancient times. All distinctive elements of Templar spirituality originated from the Biblical Temple of Solomon, which was actually a Pharaonic Egyptian Temple. Jesus taught that prayers are made effective by the Faith in one’s heart, not the form of words (Mark 11:24). [48], As for the leaders of the order, the elderly Grand Master Jacques de Molay, who had confessed under torture, retracted his confession. They were highly-trained, well-equipped, and highly motivated. Knights Templar Poetry The Last Battle of The Knights Templar (May 15th 1290) Great battlements rose by the Syrian sea, Acre they’ll talk for centuries of thee, On that fateful day on the fifteenth of May, When Al-Ashraf Kalil, it’s people did slay. He once visited Jerusalem and went to the Al-Aqsa mosque to pray. [43], Relenting to Phillip's demands, Pope Clement then issued the papal bull Pastoralis praeeminentiae on 22 November 1307, which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Starting with founder Hugues de Payens in 1118–1119, the order's highest office was that of Grand Master, a position which was held for life, though considering the martial nature of the order, this could mean a very short tenure. [47], Bernard de Clairvaux and founder Hugues de Payens devised a specific code of conduct for the Templar Order, known to modern historians as the Latin Rule. [33] The Vatican, The Catholic Encyclopedia (1911), The Encyclopedia Press, New York (1913), Volume 10, “Mysticism: Criticism”, pp.664-665. It’s not the most pleasant episode in English medieval history to look back on but it happened during the Templar period and we can’t ignore it. [86], The red cross that the Templars wore on their robes was a symbol of martyrdom, and to die in combat was considered a great honour that assured a place in heaven. [6] This can be seen in the "Red Cross of Constantine," inspired by the Military Constantinian Order; the "Order of Malta," inspired by the Knights Hospitaller; and the "Order of the Temple", inspired by the Knights Templar. He began pressuring the church to take action against the order, as a way of freeing himself from his debts. [89], Although not prescribed by the Templar Rule, it later became customary for members of the order to wear long and prominent beards. Fortunately, we have an excellent book by Robert Winder called ‘Bloody Foreigners’ to fall back on. The secular King Philip IV thus ordered the French authorities to purposely manufacture false charges of “heresy” to exploit that limited vulnerability. Some Priests were actually canonized as Saints of “science” assimilated with Thoth, the Angel of knowledge [49]. [40] These allegations, though, were highly politicised without any real evidence. [54][55], The Portuguese king, Denis I, refused to pursue and persecute the former knights, as had occurred in all other sovereign states under the influence of the Catholic Church. In this act… God becomes intimately present to the created mind… [revealing] the Divine essence.” [33]. Templars also must be “free and clear” from any canonical “impediment” which would disqualify or nullify one’s membership status in the Order (Rule 659). This situation heightened tensions with some European nobility, especially as the Templars were indicating an interest in founding their own monastic state, just as the Teutonic Knights had done in Prussia[27] and the Knights Hospitaller were doing in Rhodes. The 12th century Knights Templar focused entirely on vocal “Chants”, to avoid adding musical instruments to already burdensome military equipment, and to best support individual spiritual meditation. The Orders of Malta and the Temple feature prominently in the York Rite. The “confessions” under torture followed a list of false charges predetermined by the French King, relying on recruited “witnesses” who had been expelled from the Templar Order for serious wrongdoing [18], and were given immunity from any punishment even if their accusations were proven false [19]. [101][102][103][104], Following the dissolution of the Knights Templar, the Order of Christ was erected in 1319 and absorbed many of the Knights Templar into its ranks, along with Knights Templar properties in Portugal. [25], With its clear mission and ample resources, the order grew rapidly. Egyptian esoteric sacred knowledge was a major driving force in the development of empirical science [45]. Secret Practices Wholly Excluded – The true beliefs and practices of Templar spirituality were never intended to be “secret”, and in fact were always publicly declared. The Knights Templar were founded in the Biblical Temple of Solomon [2] [3] [4] [5], which they excavated [6] [7] for a nine year period [8]. The Knights Templar were the elite fighting force of their day, highly trained, well-equipped and highly motivated; one of the tenets of their religious order was that they were forbidden from retreating in battle, unless outnumbered three to one, and even then only by order of their commander, or if the Templar flag went down. They were ordained priests who cared for the Templars' spiritual needs. Jack, Ltd., London (1920), Ezekiel 8:10-11; Dr. Peake was Professor of Biblical Exegesis at University of Manchester, a Master of Arts and Doctor of Divinity. It was their aim to carry out important missions and protect those pilgrims who visit the holy land. The Order shares these materials fully and equally with all of its members, without any artificial levels or degrees. The Temple Rule of 1129 AD commands all Templars to “study universally” to “forego the deceiving world”, meaning to study the spiritual world of God, “for the purpose of divine service” (Rule 9). [37] Montague Rhodes James, The Apocryphal New Testament, Oxford University Press (1707), Clarendon Press, Oxford (1924), Pistis Sophia, 36, pp.46-47. Evidence that Templar Mysticism includes some Gnostic principles is found in the Temple Rule, in which the Templar Order itself is described as a “Holy Communion”, meaning that Templar spirituality provides a direct connection with God (Rule 2). The Knights Templar, who decided to sacrifice their lives in the service of the Order, lived according to strict discipline and had to follow many rules. Vatican scholars explain:  “In the language of the early Christians the Mysteries were those religious teachings… revealed truths… supernatural truth” [30]. All but two of the Grand Masters died in office, and several died during military campaigns. The Roman Code of Canon Law emphasizes the “particular veneration” of Mother Mary in Catholicism, as a special form of meditation on the Divine Feminine aspect of God by “mental prayer” (Canon 276, §2(5), Canon 1186) [22]. L’Osservatore Romano, the Vatican newspaper, said the … Learn about Sacred Activism as Templar Faith in Action. Templar Clergy are described as serving by “the authority of Our Lady of God [Damedieu]” (Rule 64). With the island gone, the Crusaders lost their last foothold in the Holy Land. Ancient Spirituality of the Templar Priesthood . [5] Collier’s Encyclopedia, Thomson Gale (1985), 1985 Edition, Macmillan Library Reference (1990), “Knights Templars”. This original Divine spiritual alchemy is the very essence of the Templar concept of the Holy Grail, symbolically represented in the Egyptian Priesthood as the Ankh, and in the Celtic Priesthood as the sacred chalice and sword. In fact, their full name ‘Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon’ (or Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomoniciin Latin) directly pertains to the enigmatic Temple of Solomon. Spirituality was actually taught as interconnected with physics, especially mechanics [46], and science was “strongly integrated into religion” [47]. The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, ever a precarious enterprise, lasted for the two centuries it did because of such sacrifices by Templar Knights. Some Grand Masters also served as battlefield commanders, though this was not always wise: several blunders in de Ridefort's combat leadership contributed to the devastating defeat at the Battle of Hattin. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. To facilitate and encourage meditation in the Templar lifestyle, it commands to “go silently and quietly” every evening (Rule 31), prohibits “idle words” to promote quiet time (Rule 32), requires to generally “refrain from speaking… and observe silence” (Rule 49), and encourages focused prayers “day and night” as frequent meditation (Rule 63). [98][99] Its headquarters became a castle in Tomar, a former Knights Templar castle. The Knights Templar were one of the major military religious orders that grew out of the Crusading movement. A distinctive style of “Templar Chants” later became popularized as part of the “Gregorian” style, although the Templar style is characterized by some more ancient features of asynchronous timing and exotic melodic scales. Jesus thus taught that it is necessary to explore sacred sciences in order to understand the kingdom of God (John 3:12). 3, Harper & Bros, New York (1901), pp.257, 262. [23] Saint Bernard de Clairvaux, Liber ad Milites Templi: De Laude Novae Militae, “Speech on Knights of the Temple: In Praise of the New Knighthood” (ca. The Knights Templar swore an oath of poverty, chastity, and obedience and renounced the world, just as the Cistercians and other monks did. Dissension arose among Christian factions in and concerning the Holy Land. Many sites also maintain the name "Temple" because of centuries-old association with the Templars. [76] Grand Master Gérard de Ridefort was beheaded by Saladin in 1189 at the Siege of Acre. In ecclesiastical scholarship, Mysticism is considered a more conservative form of esoteric Gnosticism, emphasizing the development of a direct personal relationship with God through the Holy Spirit. [13] Pope Clement V disbanded the order in 1312 under pressure from King Philip. [48] Donald Redford, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press (2001), Volume 3, “Science: Organization”, p.185. 1150 AD) highlights that “to serve God… each must apply all of his study and understanding” (Rule 279). [28] Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001), “Gnostic (n.)”, “Gnostic (adj. The Templars were accused of idolatry and were suspected of worshiping either a figure known as Baphomet or a mummified severed head they recovered, amongst other artifacts, at their original headquarters on the Temple Mount that many scholars theorize might have been that of John the Baptist, among other things. Denis negotiated with Clement's successor, John XXII, for recognition of the new order and its right to inherit the Templar assets and property. The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply the Templars, were a Catholic military order founded in 1119, headquartered on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem through 1128 when they went to meet with Pope Honorius II. Bernard put his weight behind them and wrote persuasively on their behalf in the letter 'In Praise of the New Knighthood',[23][24] and in 1129, at the Council of Troyes, he led a group of leading churchmen to officially approve and endorse the order on behalf of the church. ... and I pray for him every day. St John the Baptist pray for us. [88] This uncompromising principle, along with their reputation for courage, excellent training, and heavy armament, made the Templars one of the most feared combat forces in medieval times. The Djedhi Priests specialized in mastering the flow of Holy Spirit energies through points along the spinal column, primarily using intensive meditation techniques [35]. While the Order actively defends the Church, it is not itself a Church, but rather an Order of Chivalry, which always included “Secular Knights” (Rules 65-66). Those sacred energy centers, aligned with points along the spine, are known in the Eastern esoteric traditions as the seven “Chakras”, described as the gateways connecting the human soul with the Divine creator of the universe. In the modern era, this has given rise to great popular interest, seeking to discover the true nature of the legendary “Templar Spirituality”, and its connection with the most ancient Priesthood of Melchizedek from the Biblical Magi. [73] They brought vital skills and trades from blacksmiths and builders, including administration of many of the order's European properties. 2.1) including selection and arrangement of research (Art. [38] Old Testament, Authorized King James Version (AKJV), Cambridge University Press (1990), Proverbs 9:1. The legendary Templar Priesthood thus consists of the earliest origins of classical Christianity, since the beginning of recorded history, tracing back to ca. … girt [dressed] with Truth… the breastplate of righteousness… preparation [study] of the Gospel… the shield of Faith… the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, praying always… in the Spirit” (Ephesians 6:10-18). [68] The organizational structure had a strong chain of authority. Saint Bernard de Clairvaux, the Protector of the Templar Order, instructed the Templars on the proper manner of singing these ancient and early medieval chants:  “I exhort you… to conduct yourselves in the presence of the Lord with ardour [energy]… making your voices resound with manliness in order that they may be possessed by the moving of the Holy Spirit.” [26]. [1] Saint Bernard de Clairvaux & Hughes de Payens, The Temple Rule of 1129 AD; Translated from:  Henry de Curzon, La Règle du Temple, La Société de L’Histoire de France, Paris (1886), in Librairie Renouard. [7] Piers Paul Read, The Templars: The Dramatic History of the Knights Templar, the Most Powerful Military Order of the Crusades, 1st Edition, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London (1999), Phoenix Press, London (2001), Orion Publishing Group, London (2012), p.305. Sometimes a married man was allowed to join if he had his wife's permission,[82] but he was not allowed to wear the white mantle. [43] Donald Redford, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press (2001), Volume 3, “Science: Organization”, p.185. )”, “Gnosis (n.)”. Knights Templar are surrounded with secrets and legends. De Molay arrived first in early 1307, but de Villaret was delayed for several months. 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