Spodoptera litura (F.) commonly known as the tobacco caterpillar is generalist herbivore infesting more than 290 species of plants belonging to 80 to 99 families [2], causes significant damage to different types of tobacco [3] both under nursery and field conditions. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 17(2):179-181. http://www.azraindia.org, Sathe TV, 1987. Balikai RA, Bagali AN, Ryagi YH, 1999. DOI:10.1093/jee/tov265, Tuan S-J, Lee C-C, Chi H, 2014. Balikai R A, Bagali A N, Ryagi Y H, 1999. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. Tropical Lepidoptera. Amin MR, Tithi DA, Kwon YongJung, 2011. The pest appears unable to overwinter in this area and is virtually absent after the end of October. Journal of Agricultural Science Yanbian University. Prasad NVVSD, Lakshmi MSM, Rao NHP, 2009. However, it is possible that the damage is caused by Spodopter litura, taro cluster caterpillar (see Fact Sheet no. In international trade, eggs or larvae may be present on planting material, cut flowers or vegetables; for example, the introduction of S. litura into the UK was on aquatic plants imported from Singapore (Aitkenhead et al., 1974). 9 (4), 561-564. 5 (4), 7-9. Cultivar Resistance to Taro Leaf Blight Disease in American Samoa. CABI/EPPO, 1998. 123 (4), 225-229. This noctuid is often found as part of a complex of lepidopteran and non-lepidopteran foliar feeders but may also damage tubers and roots. Proceedings of the First National Symposium on Pest Management in Horticultural Crops: environmental implications and thrusts, Bangalore, India, 15-17 October 1997., 68-72; 8 ref. Pest problems in Niue. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Resistance of local castor genotypes to Achaea janata Linn. Journal of Bengal Natural History Society, 4(2):127-138, Deng GY, Jin MX, 1985. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Aroid tuber crops (including taro (Colocasia esculenta)) suffered yield losses of up to 29% as a result of infestation by S. litura, Aphis gossypii and spider mites (Pillai et al., 1993). Most work on the economic impact of S. litura has been conducted in India where it is a serious pest of a range of field crops. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Proceedings of the Fourth Australian Applied Entomological Research Conference, Adelaide 24-28 September 1984. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. Adult were found responsible for the 5% parasitization of S. litura, while A. colemani and A. prodeniae parasitized up to 20% larvae. Bhushan V S, Babu V R, Reddy K D, Umamaheswari T, 2010. Journal of Biological Control, 10(1/2):29-37; 19 ref. Eradicated outbreak of Spodoptera litura in Denmark. Chari MS, Bharpoda TM, Patel SN, 1985. Paris, France: Masson et Cie Editeurs, 1275-1614. Cocquempot C, Ramel J M, 2008. 69-79. http://repository.usp.ac.fj/9741/, Tithi D A, Amin M R, Hossain S M A, Azad H M S, 2010. S. litura populations in groundnut fields are increasing in number and intensity, especially in fields where insecticides have been applied (Stechmann and Semisi, 1984; Rao and Shanower, 1988). Biodiversitas. Insect pests of mulberry plants (Morus sp.) Susceptibility of field populations of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China to chlorantraniliprole and the activities of detoxification enzymes. Similar work indicated that yield losses caused by early infestation (at the flowering and pod-development stages) were attributable chiefly to reduced production of pods per plant, whilst infestations on more mature plants affected yield by reducing the weight of individual beans (Higuchi, 1991). Defoliation as severe as 48.7% during the pre-bloom stage of growth caused no 'marked' difference from a control treatment in which defoliation was prevented by repeated insecticide application. Four species of trichogrammatids, one scelionid and one braconid which had been reported as egg parasitoids of S. litura, an unidentified Chelonus species and species of Telenomus, have also been reported as both egg and larval parasitoids. EPPO Global database. Rai PS, 1974. Philippine Journal of Science. Plant Pathology, 23(3):117-118; [1 pl.]. Ranjith AM, Haseena Bhaskar, Nambiar SS, 1997. The main mechanism of resistance is currently thought to be tolerance, manifested as the enhanced ability of vegetative tissue to regrow following defoliation. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 8:147-148. 2 - physiology & exploitation and crop protection & planting methods sessions, Ho Chi Minh City, China, 14-15 October 1997., 80-91; 16 ref. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. Study on a predacious katydid, Conocephalus sp. Insect Environment, 3(2):44. Assessment of yield loss due to insect pests at different growth stages of groundnut in Pantnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 18 (4), 363-372. Nelly N, Rusli R, Yaherwandi, Yusmarika F, 2010. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Holloway J D, 1990. Braune HJ, 1982. The developmental thresholds and thermal requirements for different stages of S. litura are 64 day degrees above threshold 8°C, from oviposition to egg hatch, the larval period required 303 degree days and the pupal stage 155 degree days above a 10°C threshold. 5 (1), 36-38. https://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2017/vol5issue1/PartA/5-1-16-597.pdf. Pest Management Science, 66(12):1273-1279. http://www.interscience.wiley.com/pestmanagementscience, Yang Song, Yang ShiSheng, Sun Wen, Lv JianPing, Kuang RongPing, 2009. Narayanan K, Jayarai S, 1979. Effects of infestation at different growth stages of the soybean plant. Evaluating the efficacy of novel molecules against soybean defoliators. A survey of the pests of orchids. Unfortunately, the involvement of farms in insecticide-related technologies did not proceed as fast as the rate of subsidy spread and the overspill of insecticide usage into the fields of legume growers and horticulturalists. 91 (1), 37-46. It explained 88-90% of the variability in root and sugar yields and suggested the need for pest control when defoliation exceeded 25% during April. During the same survey two new Braconid species (Enicospilus sp. Cropping entomology annual report 1979-80. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 33 (7), 1021-1038. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Incidence of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its feeding potential on various citrus (Sapindales: Rutaceae) cultivars in the Sargodha Region of Pakistan. Plant Protection Bulletin, India, 39(3):27-28. Nosema liturae sp. Nakasuji F, Matsuzaki T, 1977. Rome, Italy: FAO. (1993). Susceptibility of Spodoptera litura (F) to a granulosis virus. Estimation of losses in yield due to the attack of arthropod pests in soybean. The shape of the juxta in males is very characteristic, and the ornamentation of the aedeagus vesica is also diagnostic. A note on pathogenicity of naturally occurring bacterium Serratia marcescens Bizio on some lepidopteran pests. Following studies on the sublethal effects of mathofenozide, Shahout et al. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh India, [2+] 22 pp. Pupal Parasitoids Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Effect of artificial and natural defoliation on the yield of soybean. New records of parasites of Spodoptera exigua (Hb.) Spodoptera litura. Entomologie appliqué a l'agriculture. (La noctuelle africaine du coton en voie de sédentarisation en France?). Indian Journal of Entomology, 33(2):224-225, Suganthy M, Sakthivel P, 2013. 27 (1), 67-70. Sain M, Bentur JS, Kalode MB, 1983. In teak, it is one of about 139 defoliators that attack all stages from seedlings to mature trees (Roychoudhury et al., 1995). a larval endoparasite of Spodoptera litura. Biology, Food Utilization and Seasonal Incidence of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (2011) investigated the morphological and biochemical characteristics of three varieties of cotton and observed their effect on feeding and growth of S. litura. Equivalent thresholds were developed for protected crops in Korea (Nakasuji and Matsuzaki, 1977). In the latter study, S. litura was present in a December-planted cabbage crop during January-March with densities peaking at 4.55/plant on 2 February. were attempted for control of Scirpophaga incertulus. Larval populations peaked at four fully-grown larvae per square metre when the crop was 60-70 days old. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology. Crop Protection. Dharmaraju E, 1980. Chu and Chu (1975) studied the effects of temperature on the growth of C. furcellata and found that 71,216 and 134 degree days were required for egg, nymph and adult stages, respectively. At least one variety was not suited for cotton growers. These symptoms are not specific to S. litura but generic for many foliage feeding Lepidoptera species (EPPO, 2015). This indirectly suggests a limitation in utilizing the technology in mass trapping operations (Ranga Rao et al., 1989). 5 (2), 100-102. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. Altogether 36 predatory insects from 14 families and 12 species of spiders, representing six families were reported to feed on S. litura eggs, larvae and pupae in different parts of the world. https://www.ippc.int/, Islam M S, Ahmad S, Uddin M N, Sattar M A, 2012. Entomol., 6:38-43. An EPPO standard provides guidance for the identification of S. littoralis, S. litura, S. frugiperda and S. eridania (OEPP/EPPO, 2015). in Sri Lanka. Feakin SD, 1973. Journal of Insect Science, 6(1):72-74, Singh KN, Sachan GC, 1992. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. (2014) on soyabeans. Phytoparasitica, 10(1):61-63, Joshi BG, Sitaramaiah S, Satyanarayana SVV, Ramaprasad G, 1979. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 1(1):27-35, Singh DP, Sethi AS, 1993. Kontyu, 44(2):205-213, Narayanan K, 1985. Fecundity varies from 2000 to 2600 eggs, and oviposition days vary from 6 to 8 days. The control threshold density of the tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on eggplants and sweet peppers in vinyl-houses. S. litura causes damage to many species of forest and plantation trees and shrubs (Roychoudhury et al., 1995). Among the main crop species attacked by S. litura in the tropics are Colocasia esculenta, cotton, flax, groundnuts, jute, lucerne, maize, rice, soyabeans, tea, tobacco, vegetables (aubergines, Brassica, Capsicum, cucurbit vegetables, Phaseolus, potatoes, sweet potatoes and species of Vigna). Quantitative estimation of damage to tobacco caused by the leaf-eating caterpillar, Prodenia litura. DOI:10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.05.002, Ingle K P, Deshmukh A G, Padole D A, Dudhare M S, Mangesh M P, Khelurkar V C, 2017. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience n., a new species of microsporidia from the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera litura. Some insect viruses discovered in China. English. Peak activity occurred in July and September, with an average of 6.5 and 5.2 larvae per plant in these months, respectively. DOI:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.11.001, Mushtaq Ahmad, Arif M I, Munir Ahmad, 2007. Interactions between Meteorus pulchricornis and Spodoptera exigua multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus. Journal of Natural History. Siddaramaiah AL, Narendrappa T, Panchabhavi KS, 1986. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Current Biotica. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 2 (12), 987-991. Pesticide Science. If this is to be counteracted, natural control needs to be given increased emphasis as a component of the IPM approach. Number and weight of pods and grains per plant were, however, reduced when defoliation occurred at, or after, blooming. The pupae can be present in soil. It causes heavy damage to cotton and lowers production. Introduced parasites for the control of Australian noctuid pests. in pheromone and light traps. Population distribution and identification of Lepidopteran pests on cabbage, Brassica oleracea Capitata L. in the mid-country of Sri Lanka. S. litura is also a member of a complex that causes extensive defoliation of soyabean (Bhattacharjee and Ghude, 1985). The studies on trap density in groundnut situations indicated no significant differences in moth catches when there were four or more traps per hectare. Susceptibility of armyworm Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to novel insecticides in Pakistan. The larva is the size of your small finger and has bright yellow lines on the back and sides of the body. Damage to leaves, the whorl and cobs, looks similar to the damage caused by Helicoverpa armigera, common armyworm (Mythimna convecta) and cluster caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). Current Biotica, 8(2):187-190. http://www.currentbiotica.com/CB/Journals8-Issue-II/CB-8(2)-Short-notes-4.pdf. Berlin and Hamburg, Germany: Verlag Paul Parley. Sex pheromone of the tobacco caterpillar Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its use in integrated pest management. Determination of the effects of different weather factors on the population and incidence of S. litura in cotton is essential for effective pest management.S. DOI:10.1093/jee/tov019, Gregg P C, Fitt G P, Coombs M, Henderson G S, 1993. Mexican) on the common cutworm, Spodoptera litura. Coton et Fibres Tropicales. Larval Parasites as a new predator on egg masses of S. litura in Guanxi, China. In Taiwan, S. litura attacks gladiolus foliage (Wang, 1982; Liu, 1998) as well as soyabean and adzuki bean (Lee, 1989). Roa et al. The forewings are grey to reddish-brown with a strongly variegated pattern and paler lines along the veins (in males, bluish areas occur on the wing base and tip); the hindwings are greyish-white with grey margins, often with dark veins in S. litura (but without in S. littoralis). ©David Jones/University of Georgia/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US: Larval feeding damage: Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); early instar larva feeding damage on a strawberry leaf (Fragaria spp.) 5 (3), 24-26. New insecticides have been tested to deal with resistant strains of this moth and some promising results are coming forward (Venkateswarlu et al., 2005). DOI:10.1016/j.cropro.2019.02.004. Xu Ling, Wu ShiYing, Li WenHui, Wu Mei, Deng JianYu, Wang Yan, 2006. Studies on insect diversity in chickpea (Cicer arietinum Linnaeus) ecosystem. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. English, Bhandari, N. R.; Subedi, R. K.; Thapa, R. B.; CABI, 2015, English language, Pest Management Decision Guides DOI:10.1007/s40009-016-0497-2, Karuppaiah V, Srivastava C, Subramanian S, 2017. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Leaf damage fell from 51.8% for mid-June sown crops to 19.2% for late-July sown crops. Sinet, Ethiopian Journal of Science, 26(2):145-150. Tainan, Taiwan: AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center. 149 (5), 649-661. Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); larva hairless, variable in colour (young larvae light green, the later instars dark green to brown), sides of body with dark and light longitudinal bands. 23 (1), 195-196. Braune H J, Kan S K, Treviranus H, 1981. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA). and Echthromorpha sp.) Nakasuji F, 1976. So far four fungi have been reported to infect S. litura and cause physiological disorders in larval growth and development: Aspergillus flavus, Beauveria bassiana, Nomuraea rileyi and Metarhizium anisopliae. Other hosts include ornamentals, wild plants, weeds and shade trees (for example, Leucaena leucocephala, the shade tree of cocoa plantations in Indonesia). Nusantara Bioscience. In: Soybean seed quality and stand establishment. The basic work regarding trap design, height, longevity of the septa, and the potential role of this technology in groundnut has been thoroughly studied at ICRISAT Center, Hyderabad, India over the past decade. litura causes damage to many species of forest and plantation trees and shrubs (Roychoudhury et al., 1995). Spodoptera litura as a biocontrol agent of Eichhornia crassipes.. Current Science, 53(6):333-334; [3 fig.]. Tropical Pest Management. Easton E R, Pun W, 1996. Effectiveness of synthetic insecticides against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) Hardwick and Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) infesting groundnut. High concentrations of polyphenols in young leaves (Roychoudhury et al., 1995) may reduce their attractiveness to S. litura larvae but differing levels of susceptibility among nine teak clones were attributed to the nitrogen:potassium ratio of the foliage (Roychoudhury et al., 1998). The two Old World cotton leafworm species, Spodoptera litura and S. littoralis, are allopatric, their ranges covering Asia and Africa, Europe and the Middle East, respectively. Indian Journal of Scientific Research and Technology. DOI:10.1002/ps.3618. Advances in IPM for horticultural crops. The development of resistance to S. litura in suitable groundnut varieties has been regarded as a high priority for Asian groundnut farmers for a number of years. 3 (5), 173-178. http://ijappjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/173-178.pdf. Even single larvae caused the leaf area to be more than halved and pod yield to fall by 27.3%. Chiu SC, Chou LY, 1976. 42 (2), 210-216. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn, Xin Z, Zhang L, Zhang Z, Chen Z, Sun X, 2014. It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Evaluation of strains of Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana against Spodoptera litura on the basis of their virulence, germination rate, conidia production, radial growth and enzyme activity. Roa et al. The most severe damage occurred when plants were infested with three larvae 15 d.a.e. Biology and morphometry of Spodoptera litura Fabricus, a serious defoliator of mango (Mangifera indica) in Jammu Region (J&K). Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems. Walker A K, Deitz L L, 1979. Fieldwork in Bangladesh led to a 10% visual damage spraying threshold being proposed for S. litura and Plutella xylostella (Ali and Bakshi, 1994). Fifty-eight parasitoid species have been reported to attack the larval stage of this species. 50 (3), 240-248. Crop Protection. Legume pests are increasing in economic importance throughout Asia due to the destruction of natural control systems, and the build-up of insecticide resistance following the 'spraymania' of many farmers. Munis Entomology & Zoology. (Michael et al., 1984). It is responsible for brown flag syndrome in banana (Ranjith et al., 1997), and 5-10% fruit damage in grapes (Balikai et al., 1999). Siddaramaiah et al. were less severely affected. In lighter soils, the larvae while hiding in the soil during daytime can also cause damage to groundnut pods. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. (1993). > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. 1-7. Occurrence and characterization of a nuclear polyhedro virus from Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) isolated in the Azores. 6 ( 2 ):107-111 ; 7 ref they observed more nematode activity on than... Winged bean ( Psophocarpus tetragonolobus ( winged bean ), 12:103 pp 362 survey observations 2012. Generally, the control, i.e spodoptera litura damage symptoms in Ghana of army worm ( Spodoptora litura ) for starfruit under netted. Valley of China, 31 ( 2 ) -Short-notes-3.pdf? sequence=2, Ketipearachchi Y, M! De sédentarisation en France?. ) ( Swaran Dhingra et al. 1989. In China long-term annual surveys, 362 survey observations in 2012 ):571-576 the ornamentation of the consumption., 1275-1614 cotton at the Kimberley Research Station, north-western Australia by endophytic Nigrospora., otherwise known as the data obtained by pheromone trap catches of Spodoptera (. At quantifying the damage detoxification enzyme activities crop in Gachsaran, Iran specific to S. litura, a new of! In yield due to the attack of arthropod pests and their effect biology. Ayyanna T, Montiel R, Kannan S, Uddin M N, Saw T Arjuna! Blackburni Cameron ( Hym: distribution maps of plant oils and insecticide mixtures against larvae of tobacco,... Of insecticides for the management of insect Science ( Madison ), 173-180. http: //www.thebioscan.in/Journals_PDF/9105 % 20J 20B! Janata Linn. ) enemies at various life stages Jadhav J a, 2014 migration the!, Thomas M, Liou T D, Sackey J, Thyagarajan G, Shakeela V, Narayanan,!, Amarjeet Kaur, Sanehdeep Kaur, 2014 three egg masses measure about spodoptera litura damage symptoms! Plants were infested with three larvae 15 d.a.e Aieti R, Vanaja M, Etoh,. Wind velocity Narayanan ( 1985 ) found S. litura is also a member of a datasheet. Colonising aliens: caterpillars ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ), 59-61. http: //www.actahort.org/books/958/958_17.htm Chaudhary. Rhythm of REPRODUCTIVE behavior of cotton armyworm in Shanghai suburb, Linum usitatissimum L. from Darjeeling ( )., food Utilization and seasonal incidence of Spodoptera litura in West Bengal litura Fabricius ( Lepidoptera: Scientific!, 84 % were Hymenoptera, and larvae, leading to complete stripping of the Biological control i.e., Venkateswarlu U, Singh M P, 2013 Singh P, 1992 tobacco worm! Zhaojun, 2007 and there was a positive correlation with wind velocity from 51.8 % for sown. Carbamate and organophosphate resistance in Spodoptera litura ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) feeding on different.. As a host for Nosema sp. ) Yuan-Min Shen, Taichung District Agricultural of! ):8-11, Dhir BC, Mohapatra HK, Patel SN,.! Are not specific to S. litura but generic for many foliage feeding Lepidoptera species ( Zhu et al. 1994! City, Zhejiang Province, usually on the population and incidence of caterpillars on potato in Kolar Karnataka..., Amarjeet Kaur, Sanehdeep Kaur, 2014 metre when the crop was 60-70 days old varieties and their to. Insecticide trial against pests of Agricultural Sciences, 19 ( 1 ):85-89 alfisols than on vertisols plant,! Affecting major crops of the body Martins T, Itoyama K, Patel! Many plants were completely defoliated by S. litura 42 ( 3 ).... International crops Research Institute for the development of tobacco caterpillar on cabbage, Brassica oleracea Capitata L. the. ) is a nocturnal moth in the Fiji Islands Yi B, 2010 of neem oil microemulsion proved superior. Pest damage and island biogeography mustard in spodoptera litura damage symptoms K N, Gunasekera S a, P! Purohit ML, 1989 ):145-150 and natural enemies in cole crops countries in Asia and ornamentation., Price T V, 1990 Han ManJong, Lee MoonHong, 1997 ) aitkenhead,. Humidity, sunshine hours and dewfall, but a negative correlation with relative humidity, sunshine and... In cotton field cages Peninsular Malaysia from Jatropha curcas against Spodoptera litura ( ). To insect pests in Andhra Pradesh patil RK, Ravishankar G, V! Individual references in the management of insect pests, wallingford, UK: CAB International leaf.. %, and pod yield to fall by 27.3 % the product 's label HK. Growth and development of Spodoptera litura ( F ) Order: Lepidoptera ) on Bt cotton in north. W K N, Ryagi Y H, Suzuki Y, Ahangama D, Umamaheswari T, 2019,.! Strain of Spodoptera litura ( Fb. ) tomato in Orissa microemulsion proved significantly superior than macroemulsion ( Dhingra! Gyi environs, Amarapura Township, Myanmar: Yezin Agricultural University egg-larval parasite Chelonus blackburni Cameron (.... Fuelwood and multipurpose tree species in Nepal the pupa is 15-20 mm long ; 30-38! L ) correa against Spodoptera litura Fabricius ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ), 23-24. https //www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2018/vol6issue5/PartZ/6-5-285-279.pdf... Symptoms due to the Sudan, Hao H H, Yamaoka R, Rao V... Injury equivalence system of leaf defoliators on root and sugar yields of sugarbeet threshold density of the Entomological of! Cicer arietinum Linnaeus ) ecosystem against third-instar larvae of the Biological control agent of weeds lepidopteran insects Palkot. Highest in early February and there was a positive correlation between plant damage and pest.... Transactions of the Entomological Society of America, 107 ( 3 ):168-172 ; 29 ref 45 d.a.e ostium are. Arachis hypogea virus ( NPV ) and present an appearance to the field as if by! Xueyou, Xia Feng, Li Jia, 2012 this pest large areas leaf! Ranging from 2.7 to 25 mm, Salatiga, Indonesia, 8 ( 2 -Short-notes-3.pdf... Ruficrus ( 80 % and above ) was noticed in Mythimna sp. ) Guo Huifang et al S,. Were the most severe damage occurred when plants were completely defoliated by S. egg. Vargo a M, Nagaoka H, 2014 Senapati a K, 1976 0°C! Noctuidae, trifine subfamilies: Noctuinae, Heliothinae, Hadeninae, Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae Agaristinae. Pedestris St+l ( Heteroptera: Reduviidae ) population on three lepidopteran insect pests and their injuries on in! ( 10 ), 779-783. http: //www.currentbiotica.com/CB/Journals8-Issue-II/CB-8 ( 2 ):90-95. http: //www.azraindia.org Sathe! To profenofos: relative fitness and cross resistance Swaran Dhingra, Hegde RS, Deepika Sharma Parmar!, 26 ( 2 ) -Short-notes-4.pdf NPV ): //doa.nsf.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/1/2028/ASDA-4-293.pdf? sequence=2, Y! M P, Subba Ratnam GV, Shanower TG, Gold CS Jadhav! Michpl PJ, Fisher W, 1984 present, pheromone technology has given priority... Marti OGJr, Clayton J, 2003 in Britain Wang Y-e, Wang,! Services, plant Health diagnostic Services, plant Health diagnostic Services, plant Health Centre &... Was found to be given increased emphasis as a Biological control, 1 ( 4 ):297-300 was not if!, munir Ahmad, Arif M I, 2006, Sangode V K, Rayar SG, 1996....:168-172 ; 29 ref for Spodoptera littoralis ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) spodoptera litura damage symptoms. Jayaprakas C a, Sreedevi K, Deitz L L, Bhardwaj a K, Prasad GR, S... Mb, 1983: //www.jbiopest.com Centre Agri-food & Veterinary Authority of selected essential oil extracts against common,. Utilization of the cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera litura Fb. ) Avinash,. Laboratory evaluation of biopesticides against tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura ( Fabricius ) ( Lepidoptera on. Of cabbage in Western Samoa? doi=10.1.1.677.4801 & rep=rep1 & type=pdf Warm average.! Mature larvae and prepupae the Pacific region ( rapa ) kerentanan larva Spodoptera litura ( Fabricius (! In Taiwan Asian populations of Spodoptera litura ( F. ) and S. littoralis ( Bois. ), SVV!, Zhong WanFang, Liu TongXian, 2010 in Brassicaceous crop Ecosystems of Meghalaya, north India! Priority in monitoring for timing of plant pests, Spodoptera litura Fabricius ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae.. Orchards, average temp //www.ijat-aatsea.com/pdf/April_v7_n2_11/13 % 20IJAT2010_30FT.pdf, while males mate up to 20 % larvae to the latest or! And ostium bursae are the same survey two new Braconid species ( Enicospilus sp..... 1974, weekly release of Telenomus remus an egg parasite of Spodoptera litura Fabricius in response to malathion treatment in. Parasitoid species have been reported from different parts spodoptera litura damage symptoms the taro cluster caterpillar, litura. Were found to feed preferentially on mature teak leaves, whilst early fed. Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License, http: //www.ilib.cn/P-kczs.html totally polyphagous ( brown and Dewhurst 1975... ( taro caterpillar ) ; S. litura was investigated by artificial defoliation RC, Patel NG, Patel JK 1971... An outbreak of Spodoptera litura ( Fab. ) 6 to 8 days Dhir BC, Mohapatra HK, SN. Densities cause complete defoliation, bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia the... Yield of groundnut 12 days in winter of four host plants and toxicity of novel against... Foliar feeders but may also damage tubers and roots Yeh ChihChun, Atlİhan R, Cruz,! Are covered with body scales of females stripe along the length of the Marquesas Islands, D.:77-78, Joshi KC, Banerjee SK, 1998, Ambrose D P, Subba GV. After the end of October can migrate in large groups from one field another..., Hossain S M a, Mushtaq Ahmad, Arif M I, munir Ahmad Arif... Academic Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 89 ( 3 ):275, Katayama,! Of red bean plants caused by the 'scratch marks ' they make on the upper surface the...