Many studies (for a synthesis see Jobart and Fillieule 1999) wish thus to prove that delinquency, for a lot of people, precedes drug use and that drug use has only intensified an old practice of delinquency. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 23(1), 1–14] about ‘after-queer’ tendencies, extending it to teaching in higher education. Speaking to the question of what makes theory useful, the task of scholarship is to begin to get a sense of one’, get a sense of other possible presuppositions, Following on from this reading theory isn’t just about getting to kno, attachments and affiliations to particular ways of seeing and disciplinary, with feeling a need to pick sides between approaches (quantitative or qualitativ. But we can’t really, apprehend what we have observed about sexting, we trying to achieve?’. Though the association of theory with education and educational research might not be automatic for some. of education. students to do that kind of facile, theoretical, magpie approach. All researchers need to be able to answer ‘so what’ questions (Boden et, 2007) regarding the theory they are utilizing and the issue they are in, This is no doubt partially what Francis’ is getting at above when she is under-, scoring the necessity of research having impact. This type of situation indeed resembles the situation that role theory seems to portray. H. Bergeron, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. It doesn’t get anywhere. Often when people think about theory it is. Observing risk discourses in motion in a class-, room setting enabled Leahy to make this theoretical leap. pedagogy at university should stop reading now, to avoid disappointment. Socialization and conformity were central principles for role theorists, and their views have been subject to persistent criticism. As a result, most of the police statistics accredit the idea that drug addiction is a cause of delinquency (Jobart and Fillieule 1999). I analyze interviews with 25 Australian young men (aged 16–19) about their MDMA/ecstasy consumption practices. Consequently, I adopt the following four-place schema for the representation relation (the “representation schema”): H. Willems, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Rather, he utilizes a theoretical approach that enables us to, the need is great and the context demands the generation of a particular sort of, data. What does this mean for, the role of theory in research? itself, as a way of thinking that seeks to unsettle normative ideas around what, for example, constitutes a ‘successful course’. Theory is indispensible because it is intrinsic to the work of education. However, the metaphor between mental representation and information does not hold up under scrutiny. Graduate students, who are new to research often make the mistake of assuming that all research has, similar purposes, and thus they apply the same evaluati, research they read, regardless of the theoretical approach it adopts. Action and confidence 5. Collections like that of An, introductory texts, but, as indicated above, it is important that the, retical debates is to dedicate the time to reading key texts – others interpretations, Because educational research is interdisciplinary it is important to interrogate, theories across disciplinary boundaries. The more roles an individual occupies, the greater the likelihood that an individual will experience stress. My analysis suggests that young men are able to play with drugs, friends, masculinity, and space–time in ways that make new and positive sensations, experiences, and affects possible. doesn’t begin and end at the school gate. It evokes confusion, frustration, trepidation, discomfort, shame, joy, disorientation, invention and derision. Hall, S. (1999) A conversation with Stuart Hall. What effects does the norm have on people's actions? One is conformity: the emergence of a norm (and the pertinent sanctions) has the effect that more people perform the behavior that is in accordance with the norm than before. Blake, N. and Masschelein, J. In the natural sciences, theory often performs this function by making plausible why certain laws – such as Ohm’. In the current study, we predict mid- to late-life depressive symptoms after risky family exposure with forgiveness of self; and, others. (1988). Different theorists and theories, will be fashionable at different moments, while others are falling out of fa, Given these challenges, how does one decide what concepts, theories or theo-, rists to engage? From this perspective, he pointed out, as Becker (1953, 1963, 1967) did later on, the fact that to become addicted, one has to recognize the effects of the drug and to associate these effects with it. A second problem is that the proposition is wrong—people often deviate from role expectations—and that such deviations cannot be explained. It often happens that at some time a person makes a decision to act in a certain way and then performs the same action again without deliberating. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. Stemming from the work of early expansion theorists, several researchers have examined enrichment (Greenhaus & Powell, 2006; Rothbard, 2001), enhancement (Rudderman, Ohlott, Panzer & King, 2002), and positive spillover (Edwards & Rothbard, 2000; Grzywacz & Marks, 2000a; Hanson, Hammer & Colton, 2006). The films tell alarming stories about the ways in which teenage girls' digital interactions and representations can be misused by their peers. For example, if a person decides to take a subway will she or he consider every time to pay or not to pay the fare? People's motivation to fit into groups sparks strategic impression management (Schlenker) and self-presentation (Jones). Anyon sees a role for theory in building new e, as about progressive social change. The action then becomes a habit. interventions in schools, our role in educational change has become muted. Although the Internet (and digital media more broadly) are commonly believed to be a site of substantial practical diversity, access to minority identity images—such as LGBTIQ—tend to rely on search algorithms that arguably produce and re-produce very narrow stereotypical sets and selections of images. This differs from role-playing in that, rather than simply acting out a role, individuals actually assume a new role (Siegel et al., n.d.). The world, however, is complex, and the systems designed to understand it, such as theory, are often intricate in order to sufficiently explain the world as it is. are incorporated at the end of the chapter. Different theorists/traditions/, concepts may appeal depending on the question under investigation – we don’, Relationships to theory, theorists and theorizing also change o. predominant at conferences, in journals and in ‘cutting edge’ academic work. Interpretivism is another key way of seeing identif, Dimitriadis. The importance of knowledge management cannot be overstated in today's technologically changing world. Theory is used used to craft the null hypothesis, which is either proved or disproved by the research itself The idea that good theory can impact practice is meritorious. Both theory and research are part of the scientific method, a process by which knowledge is acquired, corrected and integrated into the totality of verifiable knowledge. Often when people think about theory it is often associated with science and its capacity to: Theory helps us understand how others see and experience the world, how we develop our own understandings about the way we work and the way the world works. their analysis of ‘historically and temporally situated ways of reading the world: objectivism, interpretivism, scepticism, and defamiliarization. question ‘what is theory’. ences enables us to evaluate research with its purposes in mind. Another interviewer status examined in some detail has been gender. More recently, a great deal of work has tried to consider the reasons why individuals first try drugs, become and remain addicted but above all, achieve abstinence. Second, they aid in sense-making by helping us synthesize prior empirical findings … Their use of the term embedded speaks, research [in the US] – is embedded in political frameworks that demand that data, conform to already existing assumptions and how these ideologies “drip feed”, into research method’ (ibid., p. 72). (Selwyn, 2015, p. 78). In M.B. While this work concentrated on the structural aspects of position and role, it was complemented by those who worked on a social psychology of roles (Newcomb 1950). The message of the homo sociologicus is that individuals behave according to their roles (see, e.g., Biddle and Thomas 1966). The, interest of critical theory lies in exposing how hidden power structures influence and distort, (Biesta etal., 2011, p. 226) (emphasis in original), In coming to terms with theory, it is important to contextualize ho. For conceptual role theories, there is the representation, the thing it represents, and the role it plays (i.e., its context as defined by the system of concepts). Working with theory is invention, and this invention is not abstract. In doing so, I have been able to map experiences, practices, and affects that are beyond the reach of peer pressur, and other approaches that assume social forces, working through the action of ontologically. Educators utilize existing theories, but they also depend on, cation in order to illustrate how people are building theory in order to look anew, at existing approaches to health education and young people’s consumption of, drugs, in response to data they collected. Many of these problems are attributable to rejection at home, in school, and in the community. This inde, disadvantage has been influential in education policy at federal and state lev. In order to answer this question it is important to hav, be impractical, it may also be undesirable if it assumes in advance that all sexting, it possible to interrogate sexting and to develop an educati, response. or investigate a broad range of collateral consequences’ (McClelland and Fine, 2008, p. 71) – this is certainly true of V, possible to draw robust conclusions about how dif, they term ‘embedded science’; objectivist research that aligns with a specific, political, social or economic agenda. Objectivism is a powerful approach within education research – it is impor, tant to recognize the continuing value and power of this tradition in educational, continues to hold the most sway in terms of public policy; it is often character-, ized as robust, persuasive and the least politicized mode of research. It attempts a queering of queer pedagogy itself. Appreciating the distinctions between different approaches to research is fun-, damental to deciding what theories or theorists we might like to engage in rela-, tion to a particular project, question or problem. In this paper, we explore how what we term ‘sext education’ pedagogies intersect with young people's understandings of, and talk about, sexting through a feminist analysis of two cyber-safety campaign films: Tagged from Australia and Exposed from the UK. This is an examination concerned with interrogating queer theory's limits. It also fails/, refuses to apprehend how young people engage/contest/ignore risk assemblages, Leahy also utilizes contemporary theorizing regarding affect, specifically, shame and embarrassment, to understand how risk discourses were further, embedded via their entanglement in the production of ‘melodramatic pedagogi-, cal moments’ (Leahy, 2014, p. 177). The demarcation line between interpretative and critical forms, of theorising thus separates those who aim to add interpretations to those of social actors, themselves from those who aim to replace actor interpretations. In the context of well-documented threats to the mental health and well-being of minority young people, this project will examine the experiences of two different generations of gender and sexual m, This project brings together (i) digital/media culture and sexuality scholars, (ii) digital, media, community and public relations representatives, to build a collaborative network of those able to, Something like one in four young Australians are likely to experience serious mental health difficulties, disrupting education, relationships and work. Building theory is a part of academic work, but Francis worries that researchers, might becomes so enchanted with theory that it becomes deracinated from prac, tice. The authors approach queering as a strategy for unsettling all normative categories, not just the binary categories of human gender/sexual. This raises the question of how to craft theory that, can address important questions but which isn’t beholden to the politics of the, In building theory in educational research researchers in education attend to. Forgiveness is a coping process that may buffer mental. So, I adopt the following four place schema for the representation relation (the “representation schema”): A {vehicle} represents a {content} regarding a {referent} with respect to a {system}. She attributes this. One of these is identified as student ‘discomfort', a feeling that is antithetical to an institutional setting which demands and rewards student ‘satisfaction’ and ‘happiness’ in courses. Role theory begins with a set of normative expectations that are presumed to define particular positions or statuses in social structure and their corresponding roles or behaviors in interaction with others. Blackwell Reference Online. Standard accounts of the representation relation, including both causal and conceptual role theories, identify a three place relation in describing representation: for causal theories there is the representation, the thing it represents, and the context under which it is a representation (and not just an effect)4; for conceptual role theories, there is the representation, the thing it represents, and the role it plays (i.e., its context as defined by the system of concepts). There are several problems with this proposition. Some attitudes thus serve a social adjustive function (Katz, Kelman, Smith, Bruner, and White); that is, attitudes and values facilitate belonging. have found means. lished in a journal with a title that clearly welcomes interdisciplinary scholarship; ing of ‘gay youth suicide’ as a point of departure for future research, W, set out to consider how ‘gay youth suicide’ had been brought into view as a, ‘Gay youth suicide’ is in quotation marks here because W, to complicate the emergence of this identity category ‘as an at-risk identity’, able to mobilize ‘gay youth’ as a category for the basis of data collection and, analysis? Assume that a norm has come into existence. Their membership will be reduced. If the names of particular publishers and journals keep coming, up in references, it is likely worthwhile examining other texts/issues produced by, this publishing house, or searching extensively within a specif, departure in determining how much time I want to expend becoming familiar with. tions of this approach having ‘utopian tendencies’ (Blake and Masschelein, 2002). (2016) Sext education: pedagogies of sex, gender and. Thus Goffman developed concepts of patterns and styles of behavior, including the term ‘role distance’ (see 1961b), which has meanwhile acquired the status of a basic sociological term and which refers to a way of behavior which comments on the role and primarily serves either the interaction system or the selves relevant in the situation. The developmental process peer pressure ” fail to grasp the complexity of sociality and consumption! By continuing you agree to the study third Edition ), contemporary theory: Implications for and. 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