He received his degree as pianist in 1923 and was graduated as a composer in 1925. Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich (1906-1975) was a Soviet composer who, after Prokofiev's death in 1953, stood quite alone at the summit of Soviet Russian music. Do you have a source? Buried: 00-00-0000 Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow, Russia. Save record . It is not clear when it was written: according to the composer's letters composition was between July and October 1953, but Tatiana Nikolayeva stated that it was completed … Busting the modern commonplace that film music is somehow inferior to ‘classical’ music, Shostakovich wrote his first film score in 1929 and was as comfortable composing for the silver screen as he was for the symphony hall or opera house. Wanting to know more, I contacted Pauline Fairclough, a musicologist who specializes in Shostakovich's life and works, and asked if she could elaborate on these details. In this photograph from 1940, he performs one of his own piano quintets with the Glazunov Quartet (Credit: Corbis). The score was first played on May 12, 1926, as his diploma piece, and from that time on the young Russian composer was steadily in the news. He once described life under Stalin's regime as “unbelievably mean and hard. Shostakovich was also in the audience, and eyewitness accounts describe him as "white as a sheet" when he went to take his bow after the third act. After possibly being blackmailed by the Communist Party, Dmitry Shostakovich finally joined the fascist organization in 1960. Search all records Collection Catalog Birth, Marriage & Death Census records Family trees Newspapers Immigration records Hire a researcher. Then on 28 January 1936, Stalin himself came to see it, with his politburo in tow. Symphony on a radio broadcast. WORDS: Dmitri Shostakovich wrote a note to Isaac Gilkman regarding his 8th quartet stating; “I’ve [just finished] an ideologically deficient quartet that nobody needs. Nevertheless, a significant body of his work, such as his juvenilia, were never bestowed opus numbers. Dmitri in the Dark is a unique theatrical experience intertwining a string quartet with contemporary circus arts. Even before his death, he had been commemorated with the naming of the Shostakovich Peninsula on Alexander Island, Antarctica. Married Life. In appearance, Shostakovich retained a boyish quality most of his life. “Without party guidance,” he later said, “I would have displayed more brilliance, used more sarcasm, I could have revealed my ideas openly instead of having to resort to camouflage. The first time was in 1949, when he was sent here to make a speech at the Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace sponsored by the National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions. Shostakovich was married three times and had a son, Maxim. Born: 25-09-1906 St Petersburg, Russia. 1932-05-13 Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich marries Nina Varsar; Historical Events. His full name is Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович, ... (After Stalin’s death, Shostakovich gave back the dacha to the state for free.) The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Leopold Stokowski, Mr. Rodziaski and Serge Koussevitzky all contended for the right to perform the music first, but the honor went to Arturo Toscanini, who conducted the score on July 19, 1942, with the N.B.C. Section 2, lot 39, grave 7. Aleksandr Glazunoff was conservatory director at the time, and a writer has recalled that a familiar sight in the school corridors was that of the fat, expansive composer deep in conversation with a small, bony student with thin lips, the boy Shostakovich. One was the Hero of Socialist Labor title, the other the Order of Lenin. The Symphony No. His income dropped by 75% and he ran out of money. If you would like to comment on this story or anything else you have seen on BBC Culture, head over to our Facebook page or message us on Twitter. Even before his death, he had been commemorated with the naming of the Shostakovich Peninsula on Alexander Island, Antarctica. 13 was a setting of Yevgeny Yevtushenko poems that brought on Premier Khrushchev's displeasure, and No. Dmitri Shostakovich. His state honors included two Orders of Lenin, the Soviet Union's highest civilian award. In 1957, the Central Committee's rebuke of 1948 was officially reversed in a speech by Dimitri T. Shepilov, then Communist party secretary, to a congress of Soviet composers in Moscow, and Shostakovich and Khatchaturian were elected secretaries of the Union of Soviet Composers. Two years after that, he was reported to be recovering from a crippling ailment that for a time had rendered him unable to play the piano and made walking difficult. He came with four other composers — Tikhon Khrennikov, Dimitri Kabalevsky, Konstantin Dankevich and Fikret Amirov —and a critic and musicologist, Boris Yarustovsky. He was 13 when he entered the conservatory of his native city. An exception is the Tenth Symphony, completed in 1953 and perhaps the best of them all. Shostakovich did speak occasionally of his early years. But he was also a committed Communist who accepted the sometimes harsh ideological criticism to which his modernistic works were periodically subjected. In an interview some years ago, he indicated that criticism, whether political or artistic, never bothered him unduly. Dmitri Shostakovich. In 2020 we are to commemorate the 10th anniversary of his death. Retitled “Katerina Ismailova,” the new version of the opera was introduced here by the New York City Opera on March 4, 1965. 2 in B major, Op. His love of football takes on a more poignant relevance when you consider that he once said, “it is very hard to run free when you are constantly looking over your shoulder. Every day brought more bad news and I felt so much pain. “Some of it, I admit, was bad. was a Soviet composer of emo music and an undercover journalist for Vogue. Shostakovich had a remarkable memory towards what … Objectively speaking this is a well written and researched book. His grandfather had been exiled to Siberia for participation in a Polish liberation movement, but his father returned to St. Petersburg and became a chemist in a Government bureau of weights and measures. While in New York, he attended one of the rug concerts of the New York Philharmonic, opting for a regular seat, though. As conductor Mark Wigglesworth says: “It is hard to imagine what that kind of fear must feel like. https://www.geni.com/people/Dmitri-Shostakovich/6000000017940732190 That wistful comment leads me to ponder the fateful accident of timing, of geography. Whether in or out of favor with the Communist party, he lived a comfortable, even affluent, life, receiving composing fees, royalties and prizes that amounted to handsome sums by anybody's reckoning. 1955 Death of Stalin, come back into political and political favour. Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich was a Soviet composer who, after Prokofiev's death in 1953, stood quite alone at the summit of Soviet Russian music. He began sleeping in the stairwell out of fear. The money we make from it is re-invested to help fund the BBC’s international journalism. 1915: First piano lessons from his mother. Although he continued to produce lighter music (such as the delightful Piano Concerto No.2), after the death of his wife Nina the last 20 years of his life saw his music become progressively more preoccupied with death. Mr. Khrennikov, who was General Secretary of the Union of Soviet Composers, did most of the talking for the group and seemed to discourage them from circulating independently and even from answering direct questions when they appeared together. Shostakovich was the second born to Sofiya Vasilievna Kokoulina and Dmitri Boleslavovich Shostakovich. This symphony, with the possible exception of the First, is the most popular work that Shostakovich ever composed. The score was copied on microfilm and flown to the United States. See the article in its original context from. Much theater and ballet music came from his pen, and he was one of the most prominent of contemporary composers for the films. His most popular works were symphonic in nature, with the First, Fifth and Sixth Symphonies receiving most performances in this country. Shostakovich was a child of the Russian Revolution. The symphony in question, his 15th, had a massive impact on David Lynch, who apparently made Blue Velvet heavily under its influence…. Dmitri Shostakovich, in full Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich, Dmitri also spelled Dmitry, (born September 12 [September 25, New Style], 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia—died August 9, 1975, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), Russian composer, renowned particularly for his 15 symphonies, numerous chamber works, and concerti, many of them written under the pressures of government-imposed standards of … On Sept. 24, 1966, the eve of his 60th birthday, Shostakovich was given two of the Soviet Union's highest awards. Shostakovich does not belong to those who willingly share their thoughts, reminisce, or who open widely the doors of their creative workshops. Dmitri Shostakovich Dead at 68 After Hospitalization in Moscow. Šostakovi?, was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music. MOSCOW, Aug. 10—Dmitri Shostakovich, the Soviet Union's most celebrated composer, died yesterday evening following hospitalization for a heart ailment at the beginning of this month. A welcome political relaxation came after Stalin’s death in 1953. "The Duel and Death of Hamlet" Denis Fedorov on Big Organ of Kaliningrad (Königsberg) … Sollertinsky introduced Shostakovich to the music of Gustav Mahler, which had a strong influence on his music from the Fourth Symphony onwards. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. After first giving concerts as a violist, forming a string trio with Mstislav Rostropovich and Leonid Kogan and being a member of the Borodin Quartet from 1945 to 1953, he … His music reflects his own personal journey through some of the most turbulent and tragic times of modern history. When I say "disappear," I'm not talking about death. Forced to live for most of his life under a totalitarian regime – one moment in favour with Soviet leaders, then just as quickly out of it again – for much of his career Shostakovich was judged by political rather than musical criteria. Her Marriage did not deter Shostakovich in his pursuit of their relationship. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. 14 was in effect a song cycle rather than a symphony, his 15th saw a return to his old style, It was given its New York premiere in October 1972, by Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra. The diffident, near‐sighted composer Was perhaps best known among ordinary Russians for his “Leningrad” Symphony, which was written during World War II to honor that city's spirited resistance to the Nazi siege. Whilst the slow second movement is deeply soulful, the outer movements teem with vivacity and a sense of unbridled joy. A civic funeral was held. He was 72 years: old and lived at 55 East 9th Street. But even officially acclaimed compositions are marked by a deep ambivalence. "The Duel and Death of Hamlet" Denis Fedorov on Big Organ of Kaliningrad (Königsberg) Cathedral, Russia. That same year, however, a revised version of the oncescandalous “Lady Macbeth of Mzensk” was produced in Moscow with official and popular approval. The delegation visited symphony orchestras in a number of cities and heard performances of their own works as well as those of American composers. Upon his return home he said he found the experience interesting, but was left with mixed feelings since the casual demeanor of an audience lounging on the floor must, he thought, instill a “neglectful attitude” toward serious music. The Suite for two pianos, op. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. The composer, who was admitted 10 days ago to the special hospital's heart disease section, was reported to have died of heart failure at 6:30 P.M. Later lessons at Ignatiy Gliasser's Music School. In December 1946, Shostakovich was awarded the Order of Lenin for his contribution to the Moscow Conservatory. No plans have been announced for the funeral. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (????? Shostakovich's musical style changed but little from that shown in his astonishing First Symphony, and there were those who maintained that he never composed a better work. An astonishing feat, especially if you consider that many of his symphonies last almost an hour. Dmitri Shostakovich was born on September 25, 1906. My neighbor studied music, and I used to hang around outside his apartment listening through the door.” This, he said, was the most powerful memory of his childhood. On 9 August it will be 40 years since the death of Dmitri Shostakovich, one of the most significant musical figures of the 20th Century. AKA Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich. While some of Shostakovich’s works gathered dust, others were banned for years – and the Tenth Symphony wasn’t premiered until after Stalin’s death. ????? info), tr. The following day, at a festive birthday concert given in Moscow, composer Dmitri Kabalevsky referred to Shostakovich as “the greatest musician of our time.” It was reported that Shostakovich responded by making “shy and clumsy bows as usual.” In that concert, his First Symphony was conducted by his son, Maxim, and the premiere of his Concerto No. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪjɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September [O.S. Dmitri Shostakovich died of lung cancer on 9 August 1975. Even before his death he had been commemorated with the naming of the Shostakovich Peninsula on Alexander Island, Antarctica. The work which Shostakovich submitted was his dark and stormy symphonic poem, October -- a work that casts serious doubt on the composer's dedication to Communism. He is most famous for his eighth string quartet, written to encourage his fanbase to rebel against authority and purchase more sugar high-inducing snack foods. Part of this was due to the striking nature of his music, part of which was conditioned by the ideological phenomena of the nineteen‐twenties, thirties and early forties. In 1946, however, Shostakovich was called down by Culture and Life for his Ninth Symphony, described by that organ as too “playful and fanciful a trifle.” The argument ran that the symphony did not express the serious aims of the Soviet people. 6 was dedicated to his memory. info ) , tr. Facts about Dmitri Shostakovich 10: death of Shostakovich. On 9 August it will be 40 years since the death of Dmitri Shostakovich, one of the most significant musical figures of the 20th Century. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist. Contrary to the myth of the shambolic creative genius, Shostakovich was, according to his daughter, “obsessed with cleanliness” and order. Cause of Death: Lung cancer. Dmitri Dmitrison "Shosty" von Shostakovich (born 1906 C.E.) Dmitri Dmitrison "Shostie" von Shostakovich (born 1906 C.E.) In 1937, he himself was summoned for interrogation and only escaped due to a twist of fate: his interrogator was arrested before his own appointment came. All of the elements of his style were already apparent—the wide melodic skips, the purposeful dissonances, the scherzolike dance tunes and unexpected harmonic ljuxtapositions, and the frequent marchlike sections. Four years after the death of Stalin, Shostakovich wrote his dazzling Piano Concerto no 2 as a 19th birthday present for his son Maxim, himself an accomplished pianist. 10 in E minor (Op. Read about our approach to external linking. Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich (1906-1975) was a Soviet composer who, after Prokofiev's death in 1953, stood quite alone at the summit of Soviet Russian music. The work begins with a slow introduction quoting the opening theme of Shostakovich 's Tenth Symphony, as work written in part as a celebration of the death of Stalin. This website is produced by BBC Global News, a commercial company owned by the BBC (and just the BBC). Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович, ... (After Stalin’s death, Shostakovich gave back the dacha to the state for free.) He worked quickly, usually composing without a piano and notating his ideas directly on the score. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. It is impossible to know what it must feel like as a permanent condition of life.”, Shostakovich was an ardent supporter of Zenit Leningrad and on happier days could often be found cheering them on from the terraces. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. A controversial figure even after his death, a number of books have been written about his life as an artist in the Soviet Union. Tatiana Married 1929. Dmitri Shostakovich; Nikoli Medtner; PDF Version. was a Soviet composer of emo music and popular television actor. He risked execution or deportation to the Gulag yet played the system just carefully enough to survive, publishing music that earned him praise for "not having given in to the seductive temptations of his previous 'erroneous' ways”; at least, that is, until his second denunciation for “formalism” and “western influences” in 1948, after which most of his music was banned. We know that Sollertinsky died of heart complications in Novosibirsk on the night of February 10-11, 1944, at only 42 years old. Thus his music became a rallying point for left‐wing intellectuals in Europe and America. This series of lectures is available to download in PDF format. Dmitri Shostakovich. 6 was dedicated to his memory. In 1959 he said. 12 September] 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. The composer's father fell suddenly ill and died from pneumonia. The hospital cares for top‐level Soviet party and Government figures and celebrities. Shostakovich studied piano as a small boy and showed an interest in composing by the time he was 11 years old. No money from the licence fee was used to create this website. In 1932, he married his first wife, Nina Varzar. First attempt at composition: Revolutionary Symphony and an opera The Gypsies: 1917: Piano lessons from Alexandra Rozanova. 1975 Death on 14th August. It was a Russian film where he composed the music in 1964. Dmitri Shostakovich was buried in Moscow’s Novodevichy Cemetery giving full state honors. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Mr. Dmitri Shostakovich BORN: 1906 / DIED: 1975 / NATIONALITY: Russian. On 9 August it will be 40 years since the death of Dmitri Shostakovich, one of the most significant musical figures of the 20th Century. He had been brought up and conditioned by the Soviet ideology, and considered his music an explession of the Russian people, in line with the doctrines espoused by the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Dmitrij Dmitrievič Šostakovič, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪt͡ɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet Russian composer and pianist and a prominent figure of 20th-century music. My works are played all over Russia. His Preludes and Fugues and other works for piano solo still appear on many present‐day concert programs. Thin, bespectacled, studious‐looking, with a heavy lock of hair generally dangling over his forehead, he had nothing esoteric about his appearance. Jokes that only he and a sense of unbridled joy for his to. On supporting me, and redeemed him self in Soviet eyes with the naming the. 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